The Sanatan Dharma,Tamil and world civilizations connection is too strong to be ignored. I have written many articles citing authentic sources from Archeology, Sumerian Cuneiforms , History of Mittani and Hittie civilizations, apart from sources from Iran,Indian Purans and Ithihasas, Ramayana and Mahabharata.I have also relied ancient Tamil Sangam literature references to areas in Mesopotamia.Vakmiki’ s Sundara Kanda in Ramayana description of Mesopotamia also helped me in my study.
- Tamil city in 2200 BC ,Sumerian,Akkadian Text Ellu
- Persia Origin Achaemenid Assyrian Akkadian To Tamils Vedic Tribes
- Vedic Roots of Sumeria Cuneiform Evidence
- Lord Rama Was A King of Sumeria King List
- Lord Rama’s Chapel In UR Iraq
- ANGIRASA, VEDIC RISHI IN SUMERIA?
- Om in Sumerian Prayer
While it was accepted that Africa was accepted as the cradle of civilizations and the first DNA was from there, recent researches have shown the DNA from Africa was traced to what is now called Madhurai in Tamil Nadu. ‘Earliest Indians Sanatana Dharma Tamils From Same Village? Lemuria DNA Evidence-Report NatureSome other studies indicate and trace the DNA to Mesoamericas.
Evidence has come to light that the DNA of people ,who lived in Sumeria,which was a part of Middle East in the earlier days,are from South Asia/ India.
For the first time, scientists have sequenced the genome of a person from the Harappan or Indus Valley Civilization, which peaked in today’s India-Pakistan border region around 2600 to 1900 B.C. A trace amount of DNA from a woman in a 4,500-year-old burial site, painstakingly recovered from ancient skeletal remains, gives researchers a window into one of the oldest civilizations in the world. The work, along with a comprehensive analysis of ancient DNA across the Eurasian continent, also raises new questions about the origins of agriculture in South Asia.
The ancient Harappan genome, sequenced and described in the journal Cell, was compared to the DNA of modern South Asians, revealing that the people of the IVC were the primary ancestors of most living Indians. Both modern South Asian DNA and the Harappan genome have a telltale mixture of ancient Iranian DNA and a smattering of Southeast Asian hunter-gatherer lineages. “Ancestry like that in the IVC individuals is the primary ancestry source in South Asia today,” co-author David Reich, a geneticist at Harvard Medical School, said in a statement. “This finding ties people in South Asia today directly to the Indus Valley Civilization.” Source. Smithsonian Magazinehttps://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/rare-ancient-dna-south-asia-reveals-complexities-little-known-civilization-180973053/
Recent analyses of ancient Mesopotamian mitochondrial genomes have suggested a genetic link between the Indian subcontinent and Mesopotamian civilization. There is no consensus on the origin of the ancient Mesopotamians. They may be descendants of migrants, who founded regional Mesopotamian groups like that of Terqa or they may be merchants who were involved in trans Mesopotamia trade. To identify the Indian source population showing linkage to the ancient Mesopotamians, we screened a total of 15,751 mitochondrial DNAs (11,432 from the literature and 4,319 from this study) representing all major populations of India. Our results although suggest that south India (Tamil Nadu) and northeast India served as the source of the ancient Mesopotamian mtDNA gene pool, mtDNA of these ancient Mesopotamians probably contributed by Tamil merchants who were involved in the Indo-Roman trade.
Citation: Palanichamy Mg, Mitra B, Debnath M, Agrawal S, Chaudhuri TK, Zhang Y-P (2014) Tamil Merchant in Ancient Mesopotamia. PLoS ONE 9(10): e109331. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0109331
Editor: David Caramelli, University of Florence, Italy
Received: March 27, 2014; Accepted: September 10, 2014; Published: October 9, 2014
Copyright: © 2014 Palanichamy et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
Data Availability: The authors confirm that all data underlying the findings are fully available without restriction. All data are available from the GenBank – accession number KJ767258-KJ767307, KM267720-KM267722, GQ337562, GQ337613, GQ337623 and http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Genbank/index.html.
Funding: This work was supported by Yunnan University and the Yunnan provincial Science and Technology Department, as well as from grants from National Natural Science Foundation of China. journals.plos.org