The search for Kingdoms and cultures of the ancient people is interesting.
To make it more interesting one must have patience and tenacity to follow the leads.
One must not stop at a single point and follow the leads.
Any civilization ,to begin with is likely to have many components of people from various places.
If one were to follow each one of them,one is sure to find the one origin.
This is what makes the search stimulating.
A great empire with rich cultural and religious tradition intrigued me.
Their religious text Zend Avestha has striking similarities to Rig Veda.
The Persians had an almost identical Upanayana ceremony of the Hindus.
This is the Navjote ceremony.
I have written an article on this.
‘The Persian nation contains a number of tribes as listed here. … : the Pasargadae, Maraphii, and Maspii, upon which all the other tribes are dependent. Of these, the Pasargadae are the most distinguished; they contain the clan of the Achaemenids from which spring the Perseid kings. Other tribes are the Panthialaei, Derusiaei, Germanii, all of which are attached to the soil, the remainder -the Dai, Mardi, Dropici, Sagarti, being nomadic.’ — Herodotus, Histories 1.101 & 125
The Persians have their immediate predecessor in Sinthasta people from one angle and Sinthasta have their origins in the Vedic people!
‘Anthony examined a burial site just east of the Ural Mountains, southeast of the town of Magnitogorsk, where for the past 15 years Russian archeologist Genady Zdanovich and his colleagues have been excavating the remains of an ancient grassland culture they call Sintashta-Petrovka. As part of an elaborate mortuary ritual, the Sintashta people buried their dead with weapons, ornaments, horses, and other livestock–and sometimes whole chariots whose wheels were fitted into holes in the grave floor. Though the chariots themselves have decayed, the Russian archeologists have found the imprint of spoked wheels stained in the ground (as well as the remains of drivers). Spokes are the chariot’s defining characteristic; they’re what distinguish it from earlier, heavier wagons.
Based on the style of the artifacts, the Russian researchers dated the Sintashta chariots to 1600 B.C.–200 years after the first evidence of chariots in the Middle East. But recently they permitted Anthony to take samples from horse skulls found in one grave back to the United States, where he could determine their age by the more accurate radiocarbon method. He concluded that the skulls and thus the chariots date from around 2000 B.C.–200 years before the appearance of Middle Eastern chariots. My dating suggests that chariotry may have been invented in the steppes of Eurasia by people who were, comparatively speaking, barbarians, says Anthony.
The Sintashta chariots weren’t just Middle Eastern imports. Like the more plodding wagons that have been found to the west, near the Black Sea, the Sintashta chariots were wide enough for just one person, whereas Middle Eastern chariots could hold two or three. Moreover, the Sintashta wheels had between 8 and 12 spokes, whereas Middle Eastern chariot wheels had only 4. It doesn’t look like something that’s being copied from the Middle East, Anthony says. It looks indigenous…
The answer may lie, says Anthony, in a 3,000-year-old religious text called the Rig Veda, a book of hymns compiled by the Aryans–the horsemen who invaded the Indian subcontinent from the north. The hymns give detailed accounts of Aryan rituals. In mortuary rituals, warriors were buried with their chariots and horses. A plank roof was laid across the burial chamber, and horses and a goat were sacrificed on the roof and again around an earthen mound built on top. A thousand years before the Rig Veda, the Sintashta people were burying their dead in the same way–down to the last eerie detail.
In one recurring myth in the Rig Veda, for instance, the divine Ashvin twins seek a magical drink made by another god. A human fire priest knows the secret of the drink but has been sworn not to tell. The Ashvin twins cut off his head and replace it with the head of a horse. The priest then speaks through the horse’s head and is able to divulge the secret of the drink. At one of the Sintashta sites, says Anthony, a grave was found with a human sacrifice on top. Now, this is unusual in itself, he says. But this guy had his head cut off and replaced with the head of a horse.
In the Rig Veda, chariots are the vehicles of gods and heroes, and chariot races are described in loving detail. Anthony thinks the Sintashta people were the ancestors of the Aryans and that their chariots were developed for ritual racing rather than warfare. A lot hung on chariot racing, he explains. You could win enormous prizes, disputes were decided, you had trials by chariot race. Winners and losers were real winners and real losers. I think chariots were used for racing from the beginning, and I think Sintashta represents the origins of a tradition later reflected in the Rig Veda.
That would support Anthony’s views on a much broader question– that of the origin and spread of Indo-European languages. According to a theory that has become popular in the past two decades, the proto-Indo- Europeans were farmers who began to spread out of Anatolia around 6000 B.C., taking their language and their agriculture with them. But Anthony holds to an older theory, which says the original Indo-Europeans were horsemen from north of the Black Sea–the people whose wagons appear to be ancestral to the Sintashta chariots. *The Sintashta people, he thinks, were the original speakers of Indo-Iranian, which later gave rise to ancient Iranian and to the Indic of the Rig Veda. Theirs was an early step in the spread of Indo-European language and culture.
* I hold the view that the Vedic people of Rig Veda had come through after thecRig Veda was compiled in the Arctic.
Persia, From another angle.
The Achaemenid Empire was created by nomadic Persians and this empire was spread to Mesopotamia.
This empire was preceded by Assyrians.
The Assyrians were preceded by Akkadians.
Akkadians were influenced and they trace their ancestry to Tamils!
‘A Tamil-Brahmi script inscribed on a potsherd, which was found at the Khor Rori area in Oman, has come to light now. The script reads “nantai kiran” and it can be dated to first century CE, that is, 1900 years before the present. The discovery in the ancient city of Sumhuram has opened a new chapter in understanding the maritime trade of the Indian Ocean countries, according to specialists in history…
1.Lord Rama’s Chapel was found in UR, Iraq.*
2.A burial ground called as Nagar is fond in Syria. It is called Tel Brak now.
3.Idols of Rama,Sita and Lakshmana are found.
4.Ancestors of the Syrians were the Halaf and Ubaid.
They date back to 6100 BC.
They had connection with the Tamils and this is reflected in the ruins of Nagar.*
These people traded with the Tamils.
”Naram-Sin traded with Meluhha (almost certainly corresponding to the Indus Valley civilization), and controlled a large portion of land along the Persian Gulf. He expanded his empire by defeating the King of Magan at the southern end of the Persian Gulf, and conquering the hill tribes to the north in the Taurus Mountains.
A Tamil King ,Sibi,ruled from the NWFP where he had his second capital.
And Lord Rama was engaged in a battle with the Atlantis people in Seven River Valley,currently in Pakistan.
The Uighur people must beyond what Persia was ,were in close contact with thecRama Empire.
Sumerian civilization had Rama connection and Sumerian Kings List has Rama,Dasaratha and Bharatha.
The Yazdi people of Turkey were called the Peacock Tribe of Lord Murugan.
I shall be writing on Sassanian,Parthian and Scythian connection to Persia and Bharathavarsha, cross referencing with Gandhara Kingdom,Vedic tribes dispersal.
References and Citations.