5000 Year Historical Site Ancient India, Balathal

Recent studies by Archeology pushes the date of Indian history to dates much earlier to the date of Rigveda, the earliest human literature.

The Rig Veda is dated about five thousand years back.

When on thinks of early Indian archaeological sites, one recalls only Mohenja Daro and Harappa and not any other sites. There are many more.

Kindly Google archaeological sites +ramanan50 to find out more.

Now another site.

Balathal in Rajasthan, India.

IT is dated between 3000-1500 BC.

The Purans of India are Indian history but they were dismissed as Fables.

Probably because the West did not want anything to be dated much farther from Christ!

Unfortunately for them the evidence being unearthed is so compelling and difficult to hide truth is emerging.

And there is an assumption that all civilizations have sprung from and developed only near River valleys.

I do not subscribe to this view.

World records speak of early hunters in mountainous regions and rock paintings prove this.

Ancient Tamil Classics speak of Mountain people, Kuravar, who are found even today in India and the Tamils have designated, grouped the landmass of mountain as Kurinji and have a detailed description of the life of people, Flora and Fauna of this region.

I am exploring this.

And even if only River valleys have supported early civilizations, we have explored partially only the Ganga, Industrial and Saraswathi rivers.

There are more important rivers mentioned in India texts where advanced civilizations existed in Bharatvarsha.

The list of some major rivers mentioned are expressed in the following Mantra, which is used by Brahmins during their prayers daily.

IT is Sandhyavandana.

This is performed thrice a day to Surya, the Sun God.

The same mantra is used for purification of ceremony of the Hindus, Punyahavachana.

The Mantra is,

Gange chari Yamune chaiva Godavari Saraswathi,

Narmadhe Sindhu Cauvey Jalesmin Sannidhim kuru.

Water resides in Ganges, Yamuna, Godavari, Saraswathi, Narmadha, Sindhu and Cauvery.

There are more rivers which are ancient like Tamraparani, Tamil Nadu which flowed in Lemuria and there is Vaigai as well.

This needs to bet investigated for civilizations.

Many sites have now been unearthed on the banks River Vaigai, Madurai, Tamil Nadu.

Am studying these.

Be that as it may, to Balathal finding details herebelow from research paper.

Baithal site. Image
Baithal Udaipur Archoisite

Site Catchment Analysis of Balathal


Astha Dibyopama


The excavations at Balathal (Udaipur district, Rajasthan), have produced evidence in respect to the origin of early farming community of Central India and brought to light traces of infant urbanization or proto-urbanization. There is also strong indications of a class-structured society and craft specialization. Site catchment analysis of Balathal will help to assess economic potential of the site; exploitation of natural resources, the nature of interaction with the sites located in the catchment area of Balathal and beyond and also determine the reasons for location of the site in a particular environmental niche.

How to Cite: Dibyopama, A., (2010). Site Catchment Analysis of Balathal. Ancient Asia. 2, pp.47–57. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/aa.10205

Reference and Citation.


Balathal is an archaeological site located in Vallabhnagar tehsil of Udaipur district of Rajasthan state in western India. It is one of the ninety Ahar-culture sites located in the Basins of the Banas river and its tributaries. The excavations at Balathal produced evidence as to the origin of the early farming community of Central India and brought about traces of infant urbanization. There is also strong indications of a class-structured society and craft specialization.

    This site, located 6 km from Vallabhnagar town and 42 km from Udaipur city, was discovered by V. N. Misra during a survey in 1962-63. It was excavated from 1994 to 2000, jointly by the Department of Archaeology of the Deccan College Post-graduate and Research Institute, Pune and the Institute of Rajasthan Studies, Rajasthan Vidyapeeth, Udaipur under the direction of V. N. Misra of the Deccan College.[1] Balathal is one of the important sites in Mewar region of Rajasthan. The extensive excavations carried out at the site have produced vast amounts of data.This ancient site was occupied during two cultural periods: the Chalcolithic and the Early Historic.

Chalcolithic Phase (3000-1500 B.C.): Chalcolithic Period is characterized partially by its well-planned structures. Evidence from this era that was found includes: Evidence from this era that was found includes: clay, stone, shell, and copper objects, as well as floral and animal remains.

After the Chalcolithic phase, Balathal was abandoned for a long time until the Early Historic phase of the site’s activity.

Early Historic Phase (5-3 B.C.): The most compelling evidence found from the Early Historic period is that of iron working in the form of furnaces with nails, arrowheads, etc.'(Wikipedia) Baithal.

For more.

Skulls recovered indicate the presence of Leprosy.


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