Age Of Rama Sethu, Adam’s Bridge Named 14th Century AD


If one looks for cultures that deny their’s, the pride of place must go to India, closely followed by Arabia. At least in Arabian countries’, they are proud of their latest religion while India has a masochistic pleasure in denying it’s culture and hoary past.

The Bridge at Rameswaram, one of the Holy places of Hinduism finds a mention in Ramayana, an Epic in Sanskrit by Sage Valmiki and in later Sanskrit works and regional language s of India.The bridge made of Pumice stones(?), Is mentioned to have been built by the army of Sri Rama while enroute to Sri Lanka to bring back his wife Sita who was abducted by Ravana.The island of Sri Lanka could be reached then only by crossing the Ocean.Hence a Bridge was built by stones by Sri Rama’s army. This is referred to in over hundred versions of Sri Ramayana,in many languages,other than Sanskrit and in other countries like Indonesia,Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Vietnam, and in many countries, of all places in Mexico!Temple records in Sri Ramanathaswamy temple, Rameswaram , Ancient Tamil literature including the Sangam Classics(which are at least over 20,000 years old, and ,among others in Silappadikaram,one of the Five Ancient Tamil Epics dated 16,000 years ago.)

In addition to this , temple traditions and records, not only in South India, but in North India refer to this fact There is also a temple for Sri Rama near Rameswaram,Darpa Sayanam,where Rama meditated lying on the ground as too how to cross over to Sri Lanka.

Tamil literature of yore call Rameswaram as Raman Koil,Sri Raman Koil. Read or download pdf evidence.

The sea bridge was named as Adam’s Bridge around 14th Century.

   

Rama Sethu

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Adam’s Bridge (Tamil: ஆதாம் பாலம் āthām pālam), also known as Rama’s Bridge or Rama Setu (Tamil: இராமர் பாலம் Rāmar pālam),[1] is a chain of limestone shoals, between the islands of Rameswaram, off the southeastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar, near northwestern Sri Lanka. Geological evidence indicates that this bridge is a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka.

The bridge is 18 miles (30 km) long[3] and separates the Gulf of Mannar (southwest) from the Palk Strait (northeast). Some of the sandbanks are dry and the sea in the area is very shallow, being only 3 ft to 30 ft (1 m to 10 m) deep in places, which hinders navigation.[2][4][5] It was reportedly passable on foot up to the 15th century until storms deepened the channel: temple records seem to say that Rama’s Bridge was complete above sea level until it broke in a cyclone in 1480 CE.

The 13th century Venetian traveller Marco Polo’s travel map shows that he travelled around the Adam’s bridge area. His travel book calls this area Setabund-Rameswara which means bridge constructed at Rameswaram.
A 19th century painting depicting a scene from Ramayana, wherein Monkeys and Bears are shown building a bridge to LankaThe bridge was first mentioned in the ancient Sanskrit epic Ramayana of Valmiki. The western world first encounters it in “historical works in the 9th century” by Ibn Khordadbeh in his Book of Roads and Kingdoms (ca. 850 CE), referring to it is Set Bandhai or “Bridge of the Sea”.[6] Later, Alberuni described it.

chive?

Adam’s Bridge, also known as Rama Setu, is a chain of limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, off the south-eastern coast of Tamil Nadu, and Mannar Island, off the north-western coast of Sri Lanka.

Ram Setu was built by Indian engineers: Union HRD Minister Pokhriyal

Summary: The Council had last year in March said it would conduct an underwater exploration study to see whether the Ram Setu or Adam’s Bridge was a natural or an artificial phenomenon

ICHR not to conduct study to find out if Ram Setu or Adam’s bridge is man made,natural

With permission from the Navy, we can take our guests upto Adam’s Bridge – the sand bank between Sri Lanka and India which we approach on a dinghy because the water is so shallow.

Cruising the Islands of Jaffna

Adam’s Bridge, also known as Rama’s Bridge or Rama Setu, is a chain of limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, off the south-eastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar Island, off the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka.

Bridge across the Palk Strait

Connected with the subcontinent by the Adam’s Bridge, a loose group of tiny, almost invisible mountains submerged in the sea, the Sri Lankans are not particularly fond of belonging to the subcontinent.

Paradise on Earth

Some experts have also expressed concern about the course tsunami waves may take if the shoals of Adam’s Bridge are dredged to make way for the navigation canal.

SCIENCE & RELIGION ON SAME SIDE

At the center of the controversy is “Ram Sethu” (called “Adam’s Bridge” in English), an 18-mile-long coral and limestone shoal linking Tamil Nadu in India with Mannar Island off the coast of Sri Lanka.

The Saga Of Ram Sethu: Indian Government Plan To Develop Shipping Lanes To Sri Lanka Angers Hindus And Environmentalists

It was with disbelief that when I enquired, I was told that the passage between the two countries was blocked by an impassible barrier known as Adam’s Bridge, an area of shallow and treacherous sand bars with pounding seas.

Labyrinth of sand: between India and Sri Lanka lies a network of sandy s JALS long thought to be impassable for a sailing yacht. That was until CYCA member Bill Webb ventured beyond land’s end and returned with a tale of conquering the elusive Adam’s Bridge

of Adam’s Bridge at net ”It’s 18 songs, double vinyl, gatefold sleeve, CD and cassette.

 

Adam’s Bridge, also known as Rama Setu, is a chain of limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, off the south-eastern coast of Tamil Nadu, and Mannar Island, off the north-western coast of Sri Lanka.

Ram Setu was built by Indian engineers: Union HRD Minister Pokhriyal

Summary: The Council had last year in March said it would conduct an underwater exploration study to see whether the Ram Setu or Adam’s Bridge was a natural or an artificial phenomenon

ICHR not to conduct study to find out if Ram Setu or Adam’s bridge is man made,natural

With permission from the Navy, we can take our guests upto Adam’s Bridge – the sand bank between Sri Lanka and India which we approach on a dinghy because the water is so shallow.

Rama Sethu as seen from Space..

   

1 – 13 of 13 Posts

Remains in Dhanushkodi , Tamil Nadu

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Adam’s Bridge (Tamil: ஆதாம் பாலம் āthām pālam), also known as Rama’s Bridge or Rama Setu (Tamil: இராமர் பாலம் Rāmar pālam),[1] is a chain of limestone shoals, between the islands of Rameswaram, off the southeastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar, near northwestern Sri Lanka. Geological evidence indicates that this bridge is a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka.[2]

The bridge is 18 miles (30 km) long[3] and separates the Gulf of Mannar (southwest) from the Palk Strait (northeast). Some of the sandbanks are dry and the sea in the area is very shallow, being only 3 ft to 30 ft (1 m to 10 m) deep in places, which hinders navigation.[2][4][5] It was reportedly passable on foot up to the 15th century until storms deepened the channel: temple records seem to say that Rama’s Bridge was complete above sea level until it broke in a cyclone in 1480 CE.

The 13th century Venetian traveller Marco Polo’s travel map shows that he travelled around the Adam’s bridge area. His travel book calls this area Setabund-Rameswara[1] which means bridge constructed at Rameswaram.
A 19th century painting depicting a scene from Ramayana, wherein Monkeys and Bears are shown building a bridge to LankaThe bridge was first mentioned in the ancient Sanskrit epic Ramayana of Valmiki. The western world first encounters it in “historical works in the 9th century” by Ibn Khordadbeh in his Book of Roads and Kingdoms (ca. 850 CE), referring to it is Set Bandhai or “Bridge of the Sea”.[6] Later, Alberuni described it.

The name Rama’s Bridge or Rama Setu (Sanskrit; setu: bridge) was given to this bridge of shoals in Rameshwaram, as Hindu legend identifies it with the bridge built by the Vanara (monkey-men) army of Rama , which he used to reach Lanka and rescue his wife Sita from the Rakshasa king, Ravana, as stated in the Sanskrit epic Ramayana.

The sea separating India and Sri Lanka is called Sethusamudram “Sea of the Bridge”. Maps prepared by a Dutch cartographer in 1747, available at the Tanjore Saraswathi Mahal Library show this area as Ramancoil, a colloquial form of the Tamil Raman Kovil (Rama’s Temple)[8] Another map of Mogul India prepared by J. Rennel in 1788 retrieved from the same library called this area the area of the Rama Temple [9] Many other maps in Schwartzberg’s historical atlas[10][11] and other sources call this area with various names like Koti, Sethubandha and Sethubandha Rameswaram along with others.[12][13][14][15] Valmiki’s Ramayana attributes the building of the bridge to Lord Rama in verse 2-22-76




  


Adam’s Bridge (Tamil: ஆதாம் பாலம் āthām pālam), also known as Rama’s Bridge or Rama Setu (Tamil: இராமர் பாலம் Rāmar pālam),[1] is a chain of limestone shoals, between the islands of Rameswaram, off the southeastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar, near northwestern Sri Lanka. Geological evidence indicates that this bridge is a former land connection between India and Sri Lanka.

The bridge is 18 miles (30 km) long and separates the Gulf of Mannar (southwest) from the Palk Strait (northeast). Some of the sandbanks are dry and the sea in the area is very shallow, being only 3 ft to 30 ft (1 m to 10 m) deep in places, which hinders navigation. It was reportedly passable on foot up to the 15th century until storms deepened the channel: temple records seem to say that Rama’s Bridge was complete above sea level until it broke in a cyclone in 1480 CE.





The 13th century Venetian traveller Marco Polo’s travel map shows that he travelled around the Adam’s bridge area. His travel book calls this area Setabund-Rameswara which means bridge constructed at Rameswaram.
A 19th century painting depicting a scene from Ramayana, wherein Monkeys and Bears are shown building a bridge to LankaThe bridge was first mentioned in the ancient Sanskrit epic Ramayana of Valmiki. The western world first encounters it in “historical works in the 9th century” by Ibn Khordadbeh in his Book of Roads and Kingdoms (ca. 850 CE), referring to it is Set Bandhai or “Bridge of the Sea”.Later, Alberuni described it.


The name Rama’s Bridge or Rama Setu (Sanskrit; setu: bridge) was given to this bridge of shoals in Rameshwaram, as Hindu legend identifies it with the bridge built by the Vanara (monkey-men) army of Rama , which he used to reach Lanka and rescue his wife Sita from the Rakshasa king, Ravana, as stated in the Sanskrit epic Ramayana.

The sea separating India and Sri Lanka is called Sethusamudram “Sea of the Bridge”. Maps prepared by a Dutch cartographer in 1747, available at the Tanjore Saraswathi Mahal Library show this area as Ramancoil, a colloquial form of the Tamil Raman Kovil (Rama’s Temple). Another map of Mogul India prepared by J. Rennel in 1788 retrieved from the same library called this area the area of the Rama Temple . Many other maps in Schwartzberg’s historical atlas and other sources call this area with various names like Koti, Sethubandha and Sethubandha Rameswaram along with others. Valmiki’s Ramayana attributes the building of the bridge to Lord Rama in verse 2-22-76

Adam’s Bridge, also known as Rama’s Bridge or Rama Setu, is a chain of limestone shoals, between Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, off the south-eastern coast of Tamil Nadu, India, and Mannar Island, off the northwestern coast of Sri Lanka.

27 Between which two nations does the 30-mile chain of shoals known as Adam’s Bridge

The Capability Brown landscaped grounds, and Robert Adam’s bridge over the lake, have also undergone restoration, and in years to come extensive planting will no doubt mature into something splendid.

A private sensibility: Simon Poe visits the newly opened Compton Verney, near Stratford-upon-Avon, a restored house by Robert Adam which is new home to the collections of Sir Peter Moores

In Flores’ understanding, the “Sea of Ceylon” comprises the Gulf of Mannar, Pamban Channel, Palk Strait, and the area between Jaffna and the Mannar Channel; however, the main interest rests with the stretch of water to the south of Adam’s Bridge. The first chapter deals with the shipping routes and the rhythm of trade and traffic (“circulation”) in these areas.

Os Portugueses e o Mar de Ceilao: Trato

https://www.thefreedictionary.com/Adam%27s+Bridge

The Ram Setu, also known as Adam’s Bridge, is similar to the causeway that connects India and Sri Lanka. The bridge begins from the Island of Pamban located in Tamil Nadu (India) to Mannar Island, located in Sri Lanka.
This Ram Setubridge is 50 kilometers long on an approximate basis. Also, this bridge separates the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The sea area around this setu is quite shallow, which ranges from 3 feet deep to 30 feet deep.
Also, there is proof through geology that this setu was a land connection between the two nations (India and Sri Lanka). 
Until 1480, several scientific reports claimed that the Adam’s Bridge was constructed above sea level. But, because of the damage by a cyclone in that area, it damaged the bridge. The bridge was passable through foot until the cyclone hit that area.
As per Oceanography, it is believed that the bridge is about 7,000 years old. This data tallies with the dating of carbon on the beach near Dhanushkodi and Mannar Island. https://www.squareyards.com/blog/rama-setu-adams-bridge-mnm

Rama Setu region is as intense geo-thermally as the sub-Himalayan region. This is proved by thermal wells in the southern coastline of Bharatam.

How dangerous is it to work in such a volcanic mid-ocean and create a channel passage across Rama Setu? This channel an idea was shot down emphatically by the first committee set up after Independence, Sir A Ramaswamy Mudaliar Committee, 1956 which asked that any idea of cutting a channel passage across the bridge should be ABANDONED. What could be tried, if at all, is a land-based canal across Dhanushkodi as in Suez or Panama canals.

https://kalyan97.wordpress.com/2007/07/02/rama-setu-clear-view-from-space/

This data was fed into the software. The results indicated that this was exactly the location of planets/stars in the noon of January 10, 5114 BC. Thus Shri Ram was born on January 10, 5114 BC (7123 years back). As per the Indian calendar it was the ninth day of Shukla Paksha in Chaitra month and the time was around 12 to 1 noontime. This is exactly the time and date when Ram Navmi is celebrated all over India.

Birth Date of Lord Rama,Route taken by him to Sri Lanka-Map.

Rama Date One Million Years Ago Gomphotheriidae Elephant Proof – Ramani’s Blog

https://www.scribd.com/document/444024144/Rama-Date-One-Million-Years-Ago-Gomphotheriidae-Elephant-Proof-Ramani-s-blog

‘. The research funded by University Grants Commission (UGC) and the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Service (INCOIS) was carried out to know the past of the Gulf of Mannar region, which did not get affected by disasters such as 2004 tsunami. Scientists have found marine terraces which had a steeper descending slope on the seaward side near the Rameswaram islands….

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Ram Setu 18,400 years old: Study

Jan 31, 2018, 6:04 am IST

Deccan Chronicle. | A Ragu Raman

NationCurrent Affairs

Adam’s Bridge is a 35 km long stretch of shoal and sandbank under the sea between Pamban Island of Tamil Nadu and Mannar Island of Sri Lanka.

The bridge which is submerged in the water is roughly 100 meters wide and up to 10 metres in depth.

Chennai: The Adam’s Bridge, aka Rama Setu, was formed about 18,400 years ago, according to researchers from the Anna University and the Madras University, who said their study was the first of its kind done on samples taken from the drilled core surface in the depths of Gulf of Mannar off Rameswaram.

Adam’s Bridge is a 35 km long stretch of shoal and sandbank under the sea between Pamban Island of Tamil Nadu and Mannar Island of Sri Lanka. The bridge which is submerged in the water is roughly 100 meters wide and up to 10 metres in depth.

The research funded by University Grants Commission (UGC) and the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Service (INCOIS) was carried out to know the past of the Gulf of Mannar region, which did not get affected by disasters such as 2004 tsunami. Scientists have found marine terraces which had a steeper descending slope on the seaward side near the Rameswaram islands.

Suspecting tectonic activity which could have caused the submarine landslide and vertical slopes in the region, they took samples at three places including one sample on the slope of the bridge. The water depth at the slope was 260 metres and the core sample was taken for 1.3 metres on December 12, 2015.

They looked for the microfossil called Cibicides margaritiferus to know more about the region’s past and also about the formation of the structure in the marine sediment of Adam’s Bridge.

“The microfossil Cibicides margaritiferus was almost nil up to 75 cm depth and after that, we found the fossil in good numbers. The sediments taken at the depth of 130 cm in the seabed, had microfossil around 300-350 per 10 gram”, said Professor Srinivasalu from Institute of Ocean Management, Anna University and the Principal Investigator of the project.

Since the shell-shaped fossils are rare to find on the east coast of India, scientists wanted to find out the time period of the fossils.  “We knew something major had happened in that period. These fossils are also very sensitive to the climate and environmental changes and major incidents like tsunami or earthquake can wipe out its population. So, the samples were sent to US-based Beta Analytics, one of the top radiocarbon dating labs to determine the exact time period”, he told Deccan Chronicle.

The lab has determined the age of fossil using Carbon-14 dating method. The method uses organic remains of the fossil to find out the time period of its death.
The results showed that the fossils found between 94 cm and 132 cm were at least 18,400 years old. The fossils in the marine sediment between 35 cm and 94 cm were 700-780 years old.

It’s a major finding as we are one of the first groups to have scientifically got the samples from Adams Bridge. Now, it has been confirmed that the structure was formed at least 18,400 years ago,” Professor Srinivasalu said. The results also revealed that the region had a major undersea earthquake around 700 years ago.

“There were research publications indicating Indonesia and Thailand, Sri Lanka, Andaman had records of a major Tsunami and earthquake around the same time. But, there is no study that showed any quake affecting the east coast of India. This is the first study to find the evidence for an earthquake in the Bay of Bengal,” he added..

Scientists are surprised to find out the earthquake in the seismically passive Gulf of Mannar. “It was a major earthquake and tsunami happened 700 years ago and affected several countries like in 2004. It may again hit in future and we need to be prepared,” scientists said. G.Kalpana, a researcher from Anna University and Professors N.Rajeswara Rao and M.Jayaprakash from the Department of Applied Geology at Madras University also contributed to this study. Citation. Deccan Chronicle

Did Rama Destroy Rama Sethu?

And Rama awaking, called Nala unto him and said, ‘Build thou a bridge over the sea! Thou alone, I am sure, art able to do it!‘ And it was by this means that the descendant of Kakutstha’s race caused a bridge to be built that was ten Yojanas in width and a hundred Yojanas in length.And to this day that bridge is celebrated over all the world by the name of Nala’s bridge. And having completed that bridge, Nala, of body huge as a hill, came away at the command of Rama.

And while Rama was on this side of the ocean, the virtuous Vibhishana, the brother of the king of the Rakshasas accompanied by four of his counsellors, came unto Rama. And the high-souled Rama received him with due welcome. Sugriva, however, feared, thinking he might be a spy. The son of Raghu, meanwhile perfectly satisfied (with Vibhishana) in consequence of the sincerity of his exertions and the many indications of his good conduct, worshipped him with respect. And he also installed Vibhishana in the sovereignty of all the Rakshasas and made him his own junior counsellor, and a friend of Lakshmana’s. And it was under Vibhishana’s guidance, O king, that Rama with all his troops crossed the great ocean by means of that bridge in course of a month

.-Translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly.

(Within the Mahabharata, Markandeya tells the story of the Ramayana to encourage Draupadi after Jayadratha’s attempted kidnapping of her.

Within that is a reference to the Rama Sethu which was called as Nala Sethu after the engineer in the time of Veda Vyasa.

Responding to petitioners’ argument that Ram Sethu was a place of worship and that if it was breached it would no longer be fit for worship, senior advocate Fali S Nariman said: “The scriptures say it was already broken into several pieces by Lord Rama himself after the Rama-Ravana war. If that is so, it is already broken since time immemorial and hence it can no longer be a place of worship.”
 
There is also a Tamil belief that Dhanushkodi,Tamil Nadu whci was destroyed by a Cyclone in 1964, means that the term Dhanushkodi means ‘ that the place was destroyed.

I am unable to find any reference in the Ramayana that Rama Sethu was destroyed.

To my understanding, Dhanush Kodi means the ‘end of Bow’, certainly no indication about it having been destroyed. And Tamil is my mother tongue.

Contribution on this subject welcome.

Sri Rama , Lakshman,Bharath, Shatrughan .Hanuman.image
Sri Rama

Rama Marriage 7 April 7307 BC Hanuman Meets Sita 2 Sept 7292


Eclipse could be seen from Panchavati, Nasik in the Afternoon. It is exactly in the later half of 13th year of exile (Jan,5089) Oct.5077=+12).

Six months later, Bali(Vali)’s death was also on an Amavasya day of Ashadh month another Solar eclipse day- 3 April,5076 BC.

After five months, Hanuman’s meeting with Sita Devi during a Lunar Eclipse day -12 September,5076 BC.

Hanuman’s return from Lanka –8 out of 12 constellations seen on horizon – 14 September, 5076 B.C.

Ravana’s death –04 December, 5076 BC.

Rama’s return to Ayodhya after Exile – 02 January, 5075 BC, on a ShuklaPaksha Navami day of Chaitra month (Jan.5089 -Jan.5075 = 14 years).

The Data as checked manually and rechecked  with NASA software.

I have provided the tools used to authenticate hat is said in the Ramayana.

Birth date, Route taken by Lord Rama in search of Sita,His death date , Lineage of Rama,each of them has a post.

I will be presenting, from resources from the Internet more details on these issues,reference of Ramayana in Foreign sources, Indian

Literature.Zoological pointers, Sea-level Data, ad Historical references.

The chronological sequence of Dates in the Life of Lord Rama in the Gregorian Calendar.

It seems that Hanuman met Seetha towards the close of Vanavas, that is 7306-7292=14Years.

Hanuman Returned From Lanka 5076 BC 11 AM Speed 660Km


Valmiki’s Ramayan contains graphic and poetic details of eight constellations during Hanuman’s return journey from Sri Lanka to Sunaabh Hill in the middle of the sea which apparently took about four and a half hours from 6:30 a.m. to 11 a.m. All these details of planets and nakshtras with reference to eight constellations described in Sarga 57(1,2,3) of chapter 5 tally exactly with the sky view generated by the software for the morning of 14th September 5076 BC.”

Rama Coronation.Image
Rama coronation

Tamil Sangam Literature On Ramayana Dhanushkodi


Sita threw away her Jewels as a Marker for those who would tray to trace her. The Monkeys(who later would search and Find Sita), picked up the jewel and wore them , without knowing which Jewel to wear where

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