When one delves deep into Purana, Ithihasa and ancient texts of India, including regional language texts, one finds one Corroborates the other. Events,Persons mentioned in one is corroborated by the other. While the Purana is in Sanskrit, others are in ancient languages like Pali , Prakrit. Some languages like these may belong to Dialects. However, Tamil, an ancient language of India with which I am familiar, is rich in literature and grammar and it goes back to thousands of years along with Sanskrit. The archeological finds at Poompuhar, Tamil Nadu pushes the date of Tamil, at least, to 20,000 years. An Advanced Tamil civilization site near Chennai,reveals it to be a Million year old! . Thiruvannamalai,Tamilnadu is about 3.94 billion years old, Tirupati 2200 million years old, Jwalapuram Cuddapah, Andhara Is 74,000 years old Guruvayur, Kerala is over 25,000 years!
Ancient Bharathavarsha, in South, had Dravida Desa, Southern Countries. This landmass was ruled by three dynasties, Chera, Chola and Pandyas. The Kings of these dynasties trace their lineage to either Surya Vamsa , Ikshvaku Dynasty founded by Ikshvaku, son of the first human being Manu(Manu was the ancestor of Sri Rama) ;or to Chandra Vamsa, Lunar dynasty of Ila, Daughter of Manu.
Manu, aka Satyavrata Manu or Vaivaswatha Manu was a Dradiva Emperor. This is recorded in the Bhagavadha Purana. I had written an article on this.
While Satyavrata Manu was offering oblations to ancestors, a 🐠🐋🐟 Matsya appeared.
There is a river by name “Krita-Maala”, today famously known as River Vaigai. On the banks of this River Krita-Maala, there was this “Shraadha-Manu”, who had the name “Satyavrata”. As this Satyavrata is living his life at this place, one day he goes to the river bank to do his regular “Tharpana” (Spiritual Practice) in the evening. As he was performing the “Tharpana”, there was a small little fish that got into his hands.
“Tasyaa dheenataram vaakyam ashrutya sa maheepathihi!
Kalasaapshu nihiteneyam dayaalu ninya aashramam!!”
As the little fish enters into Satyavrata’s hands, it suddenly started to talk! Upon hearing a fish talk in human language, Satyavrata was surprised! The little fish talks to Satyavrata thus, “Oh Satyavrata! As you see, I’m such a small little fish, just taken birth! Please do not leave me again into this mighty river amidst the fast-flowing water. There are bigger fishes here, which would eat me off. Therefore, please help me out!” Upon hearing this, Satyavrata was moved! He asks the fish thus, “Oh little one! I don’t have any problem in helping you and ensuring your safety. Please tell me what should I do!” The fish replies back, “Oh Satyavrata! Why don’t you put me into your ‘Kamandala’ vessel and take me to your home? You can put me into a small tank at your place, where I would be safe and secure!”
Accordingly, Satyavrata takes the little fish into his vessel, takes it to his home and tries to put it into a nicely made tank, exclusively for that fish alone. But as Satyavrata tries to transfer the little fish into the tank, he is in for another surprise! Within the time that he walked back to his home, the fish has grown in size! It is not able to come out of the ‘Kamandala’ vessel. Now the fish replies thus, “Oh Satyavrata! I think this vessel nor this tank would be of sufficient size to house me. Perhaps you should put me into the well in your house.“ Accordingly thus, Satyavrata takes the fish to the well and drops it inside! Again, Satyavrata is in for a surprise! As he drops the fish into the well, it again grows quickly to a bigger size, which renders the well to be useless to hold it anymore. Again, Satyavrata puts the fish into another big tank, but in vain! Again the fish grows into a mammoth size, engulfing the whole tank!
Upon seeing this, Satyavrata couldn’t understand what is going on here! Hence, he takes the fish and puts it into the river again! Now, the fish grows into a huge whale-like size and engulfs the whole river too! This leaves Satyavrata stunned beyond words! He is clearly running out of options and doesn’t know what is going on around him. This is surely some message from someone who is all-pervasive and all-powerful. At one point, Satyavrata starts to doubt whether this is really a fish or something or someone else!
As Satyavrata looks on with awe and shock, the fish tells him thus, “Oh Satyavrata! Looks like even this river is not capable of holding my mammoth size. I think it’s best that you take me to the ocean and leave me there!” Now Satyavrata is clearly perplexed here! He doesn’t know whether to really honour these words of the fish. With all his past experiences with the fish, he was damn sure that even if he is going to leave it in the ocean, it is going to say that this ocean is also insufficient! What would he do then? Mustering up his courage thus, Satyavrata asks the fish thus, “I do not think that you are an ordinary little fish! You are somebody else! Please tell me who are you and what do you want from me! Why are you playing this game with me?” Skanda 8,Srimad Bhagavadham. https://www.google.com/amp/s/theindiandharma.org/2020/05/05/episode-242-the-matsya-avatara-satyavratas-encounter-with-a-fish/amp/
Now, the purport of this article is not about Manu and the evolution of World as described in the Srimad Bhagavadham. We focus on where Satyavrata Manu was offering Tharpana, Oblations.
It was in River Kritamala. Kritamala is the name of River Vaigai, at Madurai Tamil Nadu India. So, it is reasonable to postulate that Vaigai, and consequently Madurai is as old as Manu!
https://www.google.com/amp/s/ramanisblog.in/2017/05/20/lemuria-the-home-of-tamils-my-tedtalk-at-coimbatore/amp/Based on Tectonic shift, Archeology and related evidence Ihad ,earlier,arrived at a figure of 230 million years for Lemuria of which Madurai was a part. It was Then Madurai then. Because of tectonic shift, it had moved to it’s present location. The present information in this article is Mind blogging. It is easy to dispose it off as Non sense. But evidence presented and the recent confirmation about the nature of Time as Non linear by Quantum would make one ponder.
More to follow.
This yuga cycle is called maha (in english, it means great/big) or divya (divine) yuga. One thousand such cycles forms one day of Brahma (a demigod in hindu religion which governs the universe). So one day of Brahma is 4.32 million * 1000 = 4.32 billion human years. Each such day of Brahma is called a “kalpa”. His night also constitutes 4.32 billion human years. During his day, life exists in universe. In nighttime, no form of life exists. So one complete day and night has 8.64 billion human years.
-> Age of Brahma is 100 years. Each year of Brahma has 360 days and same number of nights. Thus, total age of Brahma is 360 * 100 * 8.64 billion = 311,040 billion human years. i.e. 311.04 trillion years. This period is called “maha kalpa”.
-> The life span of the universe is one “maha kalpa”. i.e. 311.04 trillion human years. This time span is also the duration of one breath of “Vishnu” (the ultimate god in hindu religion). When he exhales, thousands of universes emerges and one “Brahma” is born in each universe. When “Vishnu” inhales, all universes get sucked and Brahma dies.
-> This cycle is non-ending and eternal. Thats why “Vishnu” is considered eternal in Vedic Science (or religion).
How much old is our universe:
-> Note that the period of Satya Yuga is 0.4x, Treta Yuga is 0.3x, Dwapara Yuga is 0.2x and Kali Yuga is 0.1x where x is the time-span of one maha-yuga cycle. I will use ‘x’ as 1 maha-yuga cycle subsequently.
-> In 1 day of Brahma, there are 14 “manvantara”. Each “manvantara” is divided into 71 “maha-yuga” cycles. So total make 14*71 = 994x (mahayuga cycles).
-> Remaining cycles (1 day of Brahma contains 1000 maha-yuga cycles) are used to fill gaps between manvantara. Before and after each manvantara (called as “sandhya” and “sandhyamsa” respectively), there is a junction of 1.728 million (age of Satya Yuga, or 0.4x) human years. Total number of junctions are 15 (since there are 14 manvantaras). So total gap period is = 0.4 * 15 = 6x. Hence total makes 1000 maha-yuga cycles or 1 brahma day.
-> According to the Vedic texts, current age of Brahma is 50 Brahma years and 1 brahma day (we are in the 1st day of 2nd half of brahma)and we are in the seventh “manvantara”, in the 28th turnover of its 71 yuga cycles. In this cycle, we are in the start Kali Yuga. Age of kali yuga is not known perfectly but it is around 5000-10000 years. For calculation, lets assume 8000 human years.
-> So current age of our universe (in terms of maha-yuga cycles) =
(50 * 720 * 1000) — 50 years * (360 days + 360 nights) * total no. of cycles in one day/night
+ (6 * 71) — 6 manvantara each of 71 maha-yuga cycle
+ (7 * 0.4) — 7 junctions or gaps for 6 manvantara
+ (27 * 1) — we are in 28th cycle of 71
+ (0.4+0.3+0.2) — In this cycle, we are in Kali Yuga. Satya Yuga, Treat Yuga and Dwapara yuga are 0.4x, 0.3x and 0.2x respectively.
+ around 8000 human years — very small, so ignoring it.
Thus total age = (36,000,000 + 456.7)x = 36,000,456.7 * 4.32 million = 155,521,972.944 million years = 155.521972944 trillion human years. Now add the age of kaliyuga. i.e. around 8000 human years. One we calculate the exact age of kaliyuga, we can know the exact age of universe.https://www.cs.ubc.ca/~goyal/age_of_universe.php