To list Hindu Scripture is an impossible task.
For example, the Ramayana has over 1600 versions!
We have Languages , other than Sanskrit, of which we are familiar with, we have Tamil , which has innumerable texts of Religious importance.
The other Indian Languages, at least 18 of them are quite rich and they have their texts.
I am furnishing a List which is indicative of the Ocean that is Hinduism.
This may be considered as a starting point.
Corrections suggestions for improvement welcome.
- Agama – important smriti scriptures. Different denominations understand this term in different ways.
- Aranyaka (आरण्यक) : Part of the Hindu Śruti that discuss philosophy, sacrifice and the New Year holiday.
- Atharva Veda: one of the four Vedas; the last one
- Akilathirattu Ammanai: A 19th century Tamil Vaishnavite text and the primary scripture of Ayyavazhi sect.
- Bhagavad Gītā (भगवद् गीता) : The national gospel contained in Mahābhārata, Part of the epic poem Mahabharata, located in theBhishma-Parva[disambiguation needed] chapters 23–40. A core sacred text of Hinduism and philosophy.
- Bhagavata Purana – one of the “Maha” Puranic texts of Hindu literature, and is Sanskrit for “The Book of God“.
- Brahmana – one of the parts into which the Vedas are divided.
- Brahma Sutras – important texts in Advaita Vedanta.
- Chandas – (छंदः), the study of Vedic meter, is one of the six Vedanga disciplines, or “organs of the vedas.
- Chandogya Upanishad – is associated with the Samaveda. It figures as number 9 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. It is part of the Chandogya Brahmana, which has ten chapters.
- Charaka Samhita: An early Ayurvedic text on internal medicine. It is believed to be the oldest of the three ancient treatises of Ayurveda.
- “‘Code of Manu”‘ – is the most important and earliest metrical work of the Dharmaśāstra textual tradition of Hinduism
Time Line of Some scriptures( They may be still older)
- Rigveda, 1500 – 1100 BCE
- Samaveda, 1500 – 500 BCE
- Yajurveda, 1500 – 500 BCE
- Atharvaveda, 1500 – 500 BCE
- Upanishads, 1200 – 500 BCE
- Bhagavad Gita, 500 BCE – 200 BCE
- Ramayana, 400 BCE – 400 CE
- Mahabharata, 400 BCE – 400 CE
- Samkhya Sutra
- Mimamsa Sutra, 300-200 BCE
- Arthashastra, 400 BCE – 200 CE
- Nyaya Sutra, 2nd century BCE
- Vaiseshika Sutra, 2nd century BCE
- Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, 100 BCE – 50o
- Brahma Sutra
- Puranas, 3rd – 16th century CE
- Shiva Sutras, 8th century CE
- Abhinavabharati, 950 – 1020 CE
- Yoga Vasistha, 10th – 14th century CE
- Devi Mahatmya also known as Durgā Saptashatī – 700 verses from Mārkandeya Purana giving an account of the Glory of Devi, the Goddess, the most important text ofShaktism – sometimes referred to as the “Shakta Bible”
- Devi Bhagavata – One of the Puranas which is one of the most important writings in Shaktism.
- Divya Prabandha – Collection of 4000 verses in Tamil; sung by Alvars saints on Vishnu. Considered as Dravida Veda.
- Gheranda Samhita (धेरंड संहिता): One of the three classic texts of Hatha Yoga (see also: Hatha Yoga Pradipika and the Shiva Samhita) written in the late 17th century CE.
- Gītā (गीता): See Bhagwad Gita
- Hatha Yoga Pradipika: is one of the fundamental text of Hatha Yoga including information about asanas, pranayama, chakras, kundalini, bandhas, kriyas, shakti, nadis andmudras. It was written by Swami Swatmarama in the 15th century CE.
- Itihasas – in Hindu religious context this term refers to the Mahabharata and the Ramayana but may also be used in reference to all kinds of Indian epic poetry
- Kamba Ramayanam (கம்ப இராமாயணம்): 12th century Tamil version of Ramayana.
- Mahabharata (महाभारत): One of the two major ancient Sanskrit epics of India, the other being the Ramayana. The Mahabharata is of religious and philosophical importance in India; in particular, the Bhagavad Gita, which is one of its chapters (Bhishmaparva) and a sacred text of Hinduism.
- Manu Smriti (मनुस्मृति) : The Manusmriti translated “Laws of Manu” is regarded as an important work of Hindu law and ancient Indian society. Manu was the forefather of all humans and author of Manu Smriti
The Nalayira Divya Prabandham (Tamil: நாலாயிர திவ்ய பிரபந்தம்) is a collection of 4,000 Tamil verses (Naalayira in Tamil means ‘four thousand’) composed before 8th century AD, by the 12 Alvars, and was compiled in its present form by Nathamuni during the 9th – 10th centuries. The work is the beginning of the canonization of the 12 Vaishnava poet saints, and these hymns are still sung extensively even today. The works were lost before they were collected and organized in the form of an anthology by Nathamuni.]
- Purana (पुराण): Purana meaning “ancient” or “old” is the name of a genre (or a group of related genres) of Indian written literature (as distinct from oral literature). Its general themes are history, tradition and religion. It is usually written in the form of stories related by one person to another.
- Rāmāyaṇa (रामायण): Part of the Hindu smriti, written by Valmiki. This epic of 24,000 verses in seven kandas (chapters or books) tells of a Raghuvamsa prince, Rama ofAyodhya, whose wife Sita is abducted by the rakshasa Ravana.
- Rigveda (ऋग्वेद): The Rigveda is a collection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns counted as the holiest of the four religious texts of Hindus, known as the Vedas.
- Rudrayamala Tantra
- Sahasranama – a book containing a list of names of deities
- Sama Veda – one of the four Vedas
- Shiva Samhita: is one of the three classical treatises on Hatha Yoga (see also: Gheranda Samhita and Hatha Yoga Pradipika) written by an unknown author. The text is addressed by the Hindu god Shiva to his consort Parvati.
- Shiva Sutras of Vasugupta – a collection of seventy seven aphorisms that form the foundation of Kashmir Shaivism.
- Smriti – Hindu scriptures other than the Vedas (e.g. the Itihasas, the Puranas)
- Śruti (श्रुति): A canon of Hindu scriptures. Shruti is believed to have no author; rather a divine recording of the “cosmic sounds of truth”, heard by rishis.
- Sūtra (सूत्र): Sūtra refers to an aphorism or a collection of such aphorisms in the form of a book or text. ‘Sutras’ form a school of Vedic study, related to and somewhat later than the Upanishads.
- Sushruta Samhita: An ancient Sanskrit text, attributed to one Sushruta, foundational to Ayurvedic medicine (Indian traditional medicine), with innovative chapters on surgery.
- Swara yoga: An ancient science of pranic body rhythms. It explores how prana can be controlled through the breath.
- Tantras (तंत्र): The esoteric Hindu traditions of rituals and yoga. Tantra can be summarised as a family of voluntary rituals modeled on those of the Vedas, together with their attendant texts and lineages.
- Tevaram – an important Tamil Saivite scripture
- Tirukkural – an important smriti scripture in South India
- Tirumantiram – an important Tamil Saivite work of religious poerty.
- Upanishad (उपनिषद्): Part of the Hindu Śruti scriptures which primarily discuss meditation and philosophy, seen as religious instructions by most schools of Hinduism.
- Veda (वेद): Collectively refers to a corpus of ancient Indian religious literature that are considered by adherents of Hinduism to be Śruti or revealed knowledge.
- Vijnana Bhairava Tantra – a teaching where Bhairavi (Parvati) asks Bhairava (Lord Shiva) to reveal the essence of the way one has to tread on the path to the realization of the highest reality – the state of Bhairava.
- Yajurveda (यजुर्वेदः): One of the four Vedas, focusing on liturgy, rituals and sacrifices.
- Yoga Sutra (योग सूत्र): One of the six darshanas of Hindu or Vedic schools and, alongside the Bhagavad Gita and Hatha Yoga Pradipika, are a milestone in the history of Yoga.
- Yoga Vasistha, the discourse of sage Vasistha to prince Rama. It is an important text of Yoga as well as Advaita Vedanta. The book consists of around thirty thousand slokas as well as numerous short stories and anecdotes.
- Yoga Yajnavalkya (योगयाज्ञवल्क्य): a classical treatise on yoga traditionally attributed to sage Yajnavalkya.
4 responses to “Hindu Scriptures List”
[…] https://ramanan50.wordpress.com/2014/05/31/hindu-scriptures-list/ (Dec 03 […]
I noticed that you have repost this List from Wikipedia but there is big fallacy in Dates of some of these Hindu Scriptures. Most of the western Scholars want to list Vedas was written around 1500 BCE and then they are listing Aryan invasion around 1700 BCE, So they want to prove that invaders wrote Vedas which we know is not true.
I have tried to Document this in my book,
Chronology of Hinduism – Documenting the History of the World’s Oldest Religion
I came acorss your blog, while doing some research for my next book,
The Sacred Hindu Scriptures:
Teachings of the Vedas, the Upanishads and The Bhagavad Gita
Thank you. Please check my other articles on Vedas Rama Krishna Agastya dates where I have pointed out the wrong dating of Vedas Ramayana.The present article is to list out the Scriptures. You may check out my articles under Astronomy SHIVA ,TIME,where you can find material on the subject you are writing about.Regards.
good to see works on Hindu scriptures…