Murugan Kavadi In Harappa Amulet

Bogus assertions that the Dravidians were different and  at war with SanatanaDharma notwithstanding, evidence keeps on piling up about the proximity of the two.

Of the Vedic Gods, Vishnu, Devi,Varuna, Indra and Murugan(Subrahmanya) are found in ancient Tamil literture so much so that the second earliest book in Tamil Literature,the first Agathiyam was destroyed by the Great Flood,Tholkappiyam.

Vishnu, called as Mayon, was the chief Deity of the geographical Division,Mullai, Forest Lands,

Indra, for Marutham, Region surrounding arable fields,

Varuna, for Neydhal, Sea shore,

Kotravai(Durga), for Desert Lands and

Murugan(Subrahmanya) for Kurinji, Mountainous area.

Murugan was worshiped as Skanda in Vedas.

Murugan Kavadi,Harappa.image
Murugan Kavadi,Harappa

Murugan was/is worshiped by the vow of carrying the ‘Kavadi’  by the Devotees ,to Him.


Idumban requested that he remain forever at the portal of Murugan’s shrine. Murugan duly appointed Idumban as official gatekeeper at his temple and advised that henceforth all who worshipped Murugan with a Kavadi would first acknowledge Idumban…

This is named as Idumpan Pooja….




Subrahmanya,Hindu God. Image
Subrahmanya,Hindu God


The kavadi consists of two semicircular pieces of wood or steel which are bent and attached to a cross structure that can be balanced on the shoulders of the devotee.

It is often decorated with flowers, peacock feathers (the vehicle of God Murugan) among other things. Some of the kavadis can weigh up to 30 kg.

The preparations start 48 days before the two-day Thaipusam festival. The devotees purge themselves of all mental and physical impurities. They take only one vegetarian meal per day and 24 hours before  Thaipusam, they must maintain a complete fast’


Now this Kavadi finds a Place in the Harappan Amulet.

‘Carrying a “Kavadi” is a religious practice associated with worship of god Murugan in Tamil society and it is very popular and regularly practiced even now. Kavadi is a kind of small decorated palanquin-like structure carried in honour of god Murugan. The small palanquin, which is being carried today, looks like a modified form of water carrier pole. The water carrier is not a deity, but a devotee, who carries the Kavadi containing offerings to god. Most probably, the worshippers of that time might have carried some offerings like newly harvested grains and some homemade sweets as an offering to the temple of god.’


‘Another very ancient aspect of the worship of Murukan, not alluded to in the Cankam poems, but strongly supported by Tamil tradition, is the ritual carrying of offerings on the kavati (yoke with the offerings tied to the ends by ropes). The Paharpur plaques noticed above may also be compared with the Tamil legends of muruku (the demon) and Itumpan, his kavati-bearing worshipper.’



Murugan in Indus Script

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