King Sibi is a famous Chozha King. He is reported to be the ancestor of Sri Rama. He built a temple for Vishnu as Pundarikaksha at Thiruvellarai ,7 km from Srirangam, Tamil Nadu.He has invaded South to subdue Asuras.He is praised for his compassion.
King Sibi’s Janapada Coins have been unearthed.Details are: ‘
Śibi was a king in Hindu texts and the Jataka tales of Buddhism, notably in the Śibi Jataka. Śibi… was the son of Ushinara, a famous king of the Surya Vamsa. He was contemporary to the Suryavanshi King Trayarunya who was the ancestor of Rama. King Śibi was renowned for his liberal beliefs and selflessness and is said to have saved Agni (transformed into a dove) from Indra (transformed into a hawk) by offering up his own flesh..Śibi is listed among other legendary kings in the lineage claimed by the later Chola dynasty. The Cholas claimed to have descended from the Sun. The Tamil name for Shibi is Cempiyan and Chola rulers took this as one of their titles.
Tribal-Post Mauryan, Sibi Janapada (200 BC), Copper Unit, Obv: a tree and a Swastika in the center with taurine attached to each corner, Brahmi legend “(Majhamikaya) Sibi (Janapa)dasa”, Rev: six-arched hill with crescent (chaitya) with a wavy line below, 4.48g, 20.17mm, (Handa # Pl. XXXII- 5), about very fine, Extremely Rare.
Note: Referred to in the Rigveda and the Aitareya Brahmana as the Shivas, the Sibis are amongst the earliest known tribes of ancient India. They are one of the many tribes described in these ancient texts as having been defeated by the Trtsu-Bharata (Puru) king Sudas in the famous Battle of the Ten Kings, or the Dasrajya Yuddha, which is recorded to have taken place somewhere near the rivers Vipas (Beas) and Purushni (Ravi). They feature prominently in the Mahabharata, with their king Usinara having attended the swayamvara of Draupadi and later fighting alongside the Pandavas in Kurukshetra where he was killed by Dronacharya. They also appear in the writings of Patanjali and Katyayana, and their cities, Arithapura and Jetuttara, can be found in Buddhist texts such Mahamayuri and the Jatakas. In the 10th century AD, Jetuttara is referred to by Al-Beruni as Jattaraur in Mariwar, which is present-day Mewar, and it is here, at Nagari and Chittorgarh, that the coins of this illustrious tribe
The story of Sibi Chakravarthy is so famous that it was sculpted in the Barhut, Nagarjunakonda ,Amaravati bas-reliefs and Borobudur in Java,Indonesia (see Boropudur sculpture above).
Tamil epics Silappadikaram and Manimekalai gave more details about this link. Since the oldest part of Sangam Tamil literature mentions it no one can reject it. The link is confirmed with other stories as well.
Sibi ruled from the north west of India. There was a Sibi puram on the banks of river Chenab in Punjab. Sibi clan is mentioned in Rig Veda and Brahmanas. Panini referred one Sivapuram may be the same Sibipuram’
Sibi is in Nort west of India, currently in Pakistan.
There are views that Sibi ruled from there and that the Tamils were living in North India.
Considering the differences between the Tamil Culture and Sanatana Dharma, thought Tamils were a part of Sanatana Dharma and the archeological evidence,Literature, the structural difference between Sanskrit , I am of the opinion that it is not so.
In the case of Sibi. it is probable that Sibi had the city of Sibi as a second capital.‘
The Temple for Vishnu at Srirangam ,is reported to be built by Rama,though many state that it was built earlier.
This period belongs to Treta Yuga, some 4,32,000 ago according to Indian Texts.
Historical dating of Lord Rama is around 5114 BC.
We may safely state that Srirangam belongs to 5114 BC, if not earlier.
References are found in Indian Texts that there is another temple which was built earlier by Lord Rama’s ancestor, King Sibi.
The same Sibi is mentioned as the one who parted with his Flesh to feed a Dove.
This has been mentioned in Tamil Sangam Literature, which is dated around 3000 BC.
But the date of Sangam literature is pushed back by at least by 20,000 subsequent finding of the ruins of Poompuhar,Tamil Nadu.
Poompuhar’s period was much later than Sangam period!
The Tamil Cholas are referred to as the descendants of Ikshvaku Clan,to which Lord Rama belonged.
So the refernce to a temple earlier to that of Srirangam gains credibility.
The Temple of Pundarikaksha(Vishnu) is mentioned in Sangam Classics and also referred to in King Rajaraja’s inscriptions.https://ramanisblog.in/2016/06/03/become-invicible-pond-thiruvellarai-oldest-vishnu-temple/
Sibi Janapada, Circa 1st century BC, AE mixed alloy unit. Obv: Swastika with taurine ends, crop plant (multi branched tree), legend around in Brahmi: Sibi Janapada[Sa]. Rev: Six arched hill.
The descendants of Shiva are called Shivi (S’ibi) The lineage is shown from page of an English translation of Bhagatvatpurana.Samrat Ushinara’s son was Shivi. Shivi was the name of a King and a Gana in ancient India, ruled by democratic system of administration known as ganatantra. Kshudrakas had formed a sangha with Malavas. Sibia were the people descendants of Sibi. Shivis formed a sangha with a big federation or sangha known as Jat, which is clear from Panini’s shloka in grammar of Aṣṭādhyāyī. The famous Sanskrit scholar Panini of 500 BCE has mentioned in his Sanskrit grammar known as Aṣṭādhyāyī (III. 3. 19) in the form of shloka as जट झट संघाते or Jata Jhata Sanghāte. This means that the terms ‘Jat’ and ‘democratic federation’ are synonymous. Shibi (शिबी) are mentioned at various places in Mahabharata (I.59.18), (I.61.8), (I.177.15), (II.29.6), (II.48.13), (XIII.116.66). Adi Parva, Mahabharata/Mahabharata Book I Chapter 59 mentions details of Birth of all creatures starting from Brahma ….Hiranyakasipu had five sons, all famous throughout the world. The eldest of them all was Prahlada, the next was Sahradha; the third was Anuhrada; and after him were Shibi and Vashkala. Shibi is included in verse (I.59.18). Please read captions for details. These coins are exceedingly rare and are found in worn out condition but this piece has clear depiction which makes it special specimen for me! References: Jatland.com, Mahabharta.https://nilaish.blogspot.com/2020/07/sibi-janapada-rare-coin.html?m=1
Reference to Shiva is interesting. Siva is described in greater detail than Vedas in South and Siva’ Exploits are quite vivid in Thiruvilayadal Purana .Sixty four of His Manifestations are described in detail and the events mentioned stand verification by History as found in Epigraphs and Tamil literature.Shall write more on this.There is strong evidence that Tamil Kings were forerunners of Jats or are closely related to them.