I seem to landing on controversies when I start writing in detail.
I have written on Temple construction History.
I have mentioned that temple Worship is not mentioned in the Vedas.
A reader had sent me information that it is a part of Atharva Veda,called Stapatya Veda.
There are articles by eminent people like Sri.Ganapathy Sthapathi and Maharishiahesh Yogi on Vaasthu SASTRA.
My observation is as under.
Vedas are Four,Rig,Yajur,Sama and Atharva.
There are six Angas of Veda.
None of them talk about temple construction.
However Shilpa SASTRA is included in the Sixty four Arts.
But they are not a part of Vedas.
Vedas talk about Reality, propitiation of Devas in Samhita,Rituals in Brahmanas , Aranyakas and pure philosophy in Upanishads.
The Arts,which includes Dhanur Veda,Archery, is not a Veda imparting knowledge of Reality.
And Shilpa SASTRA is about Sculpture and not about temple construction.
To my knowledge there is no Upa Veda.
Those with information may send with the text.
Temple construction is from a later period,from Agama.
(There is a rider here. Saraswati valley,Indus, Harappan civilisations are now found to have Dravidian Origin. I shall be writing in detail.)
To my knowledge,there is no ancient Dravidian text on Temple construction.
All of them are in Sanskrit and Brahmi.
And there is a difference between Hindu and Buddhist Architecture.
That the fact Tamils built Temples without Tamil text goes to prove that Sanatana Dharma was a part of Tamil polity.
At which point they merged and got differentiated is difficult to find.
Agamas came south from the descendants of Viswamitra.
(Reference. History of Tamils by PT Srinivasa Iengar.)
The corpus of Vedic Sanskrit texts includes:
- The Samhitas (Sanskrit saṃhitā, “collection”), are collections of metric texts (“mantras”). There are four “Vedic” Samhitas: the Rig-Veda, Sama-Veda, Yajur-Veda, and Atharva-Veda, most of which are available in several recensions (śākhā). In some contexts, the term Veda is used to refer to these Samhitas. This is the oldest layer of Vedic texts, apart from the Rigvedic hymns, which were probably essentially complete by 1200 BCE, dating to c. the 12th to 10th centuries BCE. The complete corpus of Vedic mantras as collected in Bloomfield’s Vedic Concordance (1907) consists of some 89,000 padas (metrical feet), of which 72,000 occur in the four Samhitas.
- The Brahmanas are prose texts that comment and explain the solemn rituals as well as expound on their meaning and many connected themes. Each of the Brahmanas is associated with one of the Samhitas or its recensions.The Brahmanas may either form separate texts or can be partly integrated into the text of the Samhitas. They may also include the Aranyakas and Upanishads.
- The Aranyakas, “wilderness texts” or “forest treaties”, were composed by people who meditated in the woods as recluses and are the third part of the Vedas. The texts contain discussions and interpretations of ceremonies, from ritualistic to symbolic meta-ritualistic points of view. It is frequently read in secondary literature.
- Older Mukhya Upanishads (Bṛhadāraṇyaka, Chandogya, Kaṭha, Kena, Aitareya, and others).
The Vedas (sruti) are different from Vedic era texts such as Shrauta Sutras and Gryha Sutras, which are smriti texts. Together, the Vedas and these Sutras form part of the Vedic Sanskrit corpus.
The texts on Construction are as follows.
Stapatyaeda uses the circadian cycle, yet this knowledge expands to include the universe itself. The five elements — air, earth, fire, water and space — are also important factors in building design.
Homes and buildings are cardinally positioned north, south, east and west. The orientation of the home is the primary consideration and the entrance is ideally facing east, which is governed by the rising sun. The only acceptable alternative would be a north facing entrance. South facing buildings are unacceptable.
Maharishi Vastu Architecture (MVA) is a set of architectural and planning principles assembled by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi based on “ancient Sanskrit texts”Maharishi Vastu Architecture is also called “Maharishi Sthapatya Veda” (MVA), “Fortune-Creating” buildings and homes,and “Maharishi Vedic architecture”
The body of Vastu knowledge is monumental with lakhs of shlokas, which were handed down to succeeding generations by word of mouth and through hand written monographs such as:
- Manasara Silpa Shastra (by Manasara),
- Mayamatam (by the Mayasuras),
- iswakarma Vaastushastra (by Viswakarma),
- Samarangana Sutradara (by Raja Bhoja),
- Aparajita Priccha (a dialogue between Viswakarma and his son Aparajita, written by Bhuvanadevacharya) Silparatna.
- Other treatises such as Agni Puranaand works by Kautilya and Sukracharya are not popular even though they preceded the above mentioned documents.
There is a distinction of style based on the place of origin of the Text. Mayamatam and Mansara Silpa Shastra are considered Dravidian because they are from South India whereas Viswaskarama Vaastu Shastra is considered Aryan due to its North Indian origin
Construction texts in PDF.
There is Maya connection in Mayamatam.
Will write on this.