Shiva means auspiciousness,
The Sanskrit word “Śiva” (Devanagari: शिव, transliterated as Shiva or Siva) means, states Monier Williams, “auspicious, propitious, gracious, benign, kind, benevolent, friendly”.The roots of Śiva in folk etymology is “śī” which means “in whom all things lie, pervasiveness” and vawhich means “embodiment of grace”.
The word Shiva is used as an adjective in the Rig Veda, as an epithet for several Rigvedic deities, including Rudra. The term Shiva also connotes “liberation, final emancipation” and “the auspicious one”, this adjective sense of usage is addressed to many deities in Vedic layers of literature. The term evolved from the Vedic Rudra-Shiva to the noun Shiva in the Epics and the Puranas, as an auspicious deity who is the “creator, reproducer and dissolver”.
Shiva In Thiruvannamalai.
Sharma presents another etymology with the Sanskrit root śarv–, which means “to injure” or “to kill”, interprets the name to connote “one who can kill the forces of darkness”.
The Sanskrit word śaiva means “relating to the god Shiva”, and this term is the Sanskrit name both for one of the principal sects of Hinduism and for a member of that sect. It is used as an adjective to characterize certain beliefs and practices, such as Shaivism.
Some authors associate the name with the Tamil word śivappu meaning “red”, noting that Shiva is linked to the Sun (śivan, “the Red one”, in Tamil) and that Rudra is also called Babhru (brown, or red) in the Rigveda. The Vishnu sahasranama interprets Shiva to have multiple meanings: “The Pure One”, and “the One who is not affected by three Guṇas of Prakṛti (Sattva, Rajas, and Tamas)”.
Shiva is not directly mentioned in the Vedas ,nor are there any hymns addressed directly to Him.
Shiva is mentioned in Sri Rudram and is kept as a secret in the Rudram.
Please my article on this and more posts on Shiva .
Though the Upanishads define the Reality Brahman as Nirguna,. without attributes/beyond attributes, the Vedas also sanction the worship of reality with forms, called Saguna Upasna.
Many Devatas are worshiped by,
Trisati,300 names and
Rudra,like other Gods,has Trisati too.
What is surprising is that Shiva has Eight different sahasranamas(mentioned in the Anusashan parva of the Mahabharata)
And Shiva has a Dasa Sahasranama as well! ( Dasa ,hundred:Sahasra,1000;dasa sahasra is 10,000)
It is very rare to come by.
Sahasranama are medieval Indian texts that list a thousand names derived from aspects and epithets of a deity. There are at least eight different versions of the Shiva Sahasranama, devotional hymns (stotras) listing many names of Shiva. The version appearing in Book 13 (Anuśāsanaparvan) of the Mahabharata provides one such list.Shiva also has Dasha-Sahasranamas (10,000 names) that are found in the Mahanyasa. The Shri Rudram Chamakam, also known as the Śatarudriya, is a devotional hymn to Shiva hailing him by many names.‘
Here is the Shiva dasa sahasra Nama.
adhivaktA -Speaks in favour of devotees agriyaH -Foremost, Earliest ailabRidah -Feeder Akrandayat -One Who makes cry AlAdyaH -Giver of effect of the deeds aMbikaanaatha -the Lord of the (mother) Goddess AmIvatkebhyaH -Moving everywhere andhakaasurasUdana -Destroyer of andhakAsura andhasaspadiH -Food provider to devotees AnirhatebhyaH -Destroyer of sins aniishvara -the One having no superior anagha -the Flawless ashhTamuurti -the Eight formed anekaatman -the Soul of many, the Multiply present ahirbudhnya digaMbara -the Sky cladded ajaaya -the Unconquerable aparAjah -Defeatless apavargaprada -the Giver of fulfilment ApadsahAy -Helper in distress ananta -the Endless annapati -Lord of food materials aruNamUrti -the One in rising sun like form ahantya -Untorturable AtatAvin -With the string tied (ready) bow AtAryaH -Introducer to life auShdhIpati -the Lord of medicines/herbs avAryaH -Prayed by bonded people (in worldly life) avyaya -the Unmeasurable avyakta -the Non-manifest, Imperceptible avyagra -the Undistracted AvyAdinI pati -the Lord of removers of enemies auShadesh aghora aMbikApati avinAshi akshaya amala arkanayana Amravaneshvar AraNya sundar AdimUrti agniishvar AtmanAth amRitakalAnAth ApatsahAyam akshayalingesh avinAshi amRutagaTesh ardhanAriishvar aruNAchaleshwar abhiShekasundaram Adiratnesh airAvatesh amRitagaTesh akileshvar airAvathanAth agniishvar aghastiishvar
B bhavaH -the Source bhiimaH -the Strong bhaktavatsala -the Compassionate One towards the devotee bhasmoddhuulita vigraha -the One appearing smeared in Ash bhujaN^gabhuushhaNa -the Snake ornated bharga giridhanva -the Mount bow-ed bhuutapati -the Head of elements bhagava -the God bhaganetrabhide -the Remover of the eye of bhaga bhiShak -the Doctor bhagavaH -God babhlushaH -Seated over the bull babhrurUpaH -the Golden one bhuvantiH -Philanthrophic bhava -the Source bhIma -Strong bhUteshvaraH -the God of elements(matter) bhUtanathaH -the Lord of elements balaH -the Strength bhavodbhava -the Source of the source bhuvanAAviveshaH -Penetrated in the world balavikaraNa balapramatana bhImasha.nkar bhUtanAth brahmapuriish bhagavAn bilvavaneshvar bhRihatiishvar bilvavanesh C chaaruvikrama -the Esteemed (beloved) Hero chandramauLi -the Moon crowned chandrashekara -the Refuge of moon chitrasabhApati chitsabhesh -the Chief of the hall of heart (Name of Lord at chidambam) chitambarnAth -(Name of Lord at chidambam) chitambaresh -(Name of Lord at chidambam) chAyavanesh D durdharshha -the Inviolable deva -deva, Divine, the Basic element (of world) daridra -(Appearing in the form of) poor devaH -Divine daxaadhvarahara -the Remover of daxa's sacrificial rite dishAmpati -Lord of directions devesh -the God of divines devadeva devagurunAth darbhAraNyesh dhayApar G gaNgaadhara -the Wearer of gaNga gaNanaatha -the Lord of organised group giriisha -the Lord of mounts girisha -the Lord on the mount gaNapati -the Lord of well organised groups (troops) giripriya -the Liker of mounts girisha.ntaH -Taken abode in the Mount (kailash) giritraH -Residing on the Mount gartasadaH -Resident of the lotus of the heart giricharaH -Walks over the mounts gaurIsh ganesh gR^idhapurIshwar gaNAdipa gaura gusumesh gaNakarta guNAkar gambhIraghosha guhAvAsi gabhasti gajAri gajasamhAri gajAntaka gajAnanAugraha gajAnanapriya gaNapatiishvar guNAGYa girijApati girijAnAth girijesh girIndra guhapriya gaNasevya girisamshraya gajacharmAmbara ghRishNeshvar gokarNeshwar gaurIvallabh H hiraNyaretas -the Golden viriled haraye -the Reddish-brown One hara -the Remover hiraNyabAhu -Golden shouldered harikesha -the Brown haired, the Green (leaves) haired hantr -Destroyer hiraNayavarNa hiraNyarUpa hiraNyapati I iishaanaH -the Master, Owner, Supreme iShudhimati -With the quiver iShumati -With arrows J jaTaadhara -the Matted haired jagadvyaapin -the Omnipresent in the world jagad.hguru -the Guide of the world jagatpati -the Lord of the world jambukeshvar jagatiishvar K kapardin -the Long (matted) haired khaTvaangi -the One with axe kapaali -the one adorned with skull kaamaari -the Enemy of (devA of) lust kaalakaala -the Death to death (the Time to deva of time) kRipaanidhi -the Grace wealth kailaashavaasi -the Resident of kailaash kavachin -the Armoured kaThora -the Firm, Hard kRittivaasa -the Tiger skin cladded khaNDaparashu -the sharp Axed kapardinaH -With long (matted) hair kAlAgnirudra -the rudra Who after the specified period terminates things with an agni kirikebhyaH -In the forms that showers wealth to devotees kRittimvasAnaH -Cladded in tiger skin kAmAri -the Enemy of lust kapAli -Adorned with skull kuNYchitapAdam -Raised Foot kanaka sabhapati -the Head of the golden hallx kalyANa sundar -Beautiful Groom/ Auspicious & Charmful kalavikaraNa kedhAreshvar kundaLnAth kAlasamhAri karkkaTesh koThiishvar kumbesh kokilesh kAlasamhAramUrti kALakaNThesh kAyArohaNesh koNeshvar kAshyAraNya kalpakanAth koNeshvar ketiishvar kaTambavanasundram kanakasabhApati L lalaaTaaksha -the Forehead eyed lalATanayana M mahaadeva -the Great deva, the Highly divine, the Great Basic element mahat -the Great maheshvara -the Great God mayobhavaH -the Source of (liberated) bliss mayaskara -the Liberator mRigapaaNi -the Animal (Deer) handed mRityu.njaya -the One who conquered the death mahaasenajanaka -the One gave birth to the great commandor (mahaa sena - subraHmanya) mRiDa -the One who makes joyful mRiDaH -Kindler of happiness mIDhuShaH -Philanthrophic giver of requested boons mIDhuShTamaH -Kindles the love (desire) for Him mahAdeva -the Great divine mRityu~njaya -Won the death (Immortal) manmatAri -the Enemy of cupid(lust) mRigapAni -One holding the animal(deer) maheshvaraH -the Great God ma~njunAth -the Lovely Lord mahAlakshmiish -Name of Lord at thiruninRiyUr manonmana mallikArjuna mahAkAleshvar mAtRibhUtesh mANikya varada maragatAchaleshvar mahAlingam mAyUranAth ma~NgaLnAth maNDaleshvar mantrapuriish miinAkshisundram mANikyavarada mahAbaleshwar mallikArjun N niilalohita -the Blue-Red One nIlagrIvaH -the Black throated nIlakaNTha -Black throated nivyAdin -Remover of enemies niSha~NgiNaH -With sword naTarAja -the King of dance naTesh -the Lord of dance nAgeshvar nandi nayanatraya nirmal nIlakNTha niilakaNTh nIlakaNTheshvar nityasundar navaniitanAth nandIshvar niilAchalesh O oMkAreshvar P parameshvara -the Supreme God pashupatiH -the Lord of creatures pinaaki -the One with pinaaka bow parashuhasta -the Axe handed paramaatman -the Supreme soul panchavaktra -the Five faced prajaapati -the President of the people(citizens) puraaraataye -the Enemy of puras (tripura) pramathaadhipa -the Lord of pramatha gaNas (attendants/ soldiers of Lord shiva) paashavimochaka -the Liberator of bonds pashupati -the Lord of creatures (souls) puushhadantabhide -the Breaker of sun's tooth prathamodevaH -the Prime divine pashupati -Lord of creatures/lives/ souls pathInAmpati -the Lord of the ways prathama -Prime pAryaH -Praised by liberated people prataraNaH -the Uplifter pulasthiH -Forthcoming to protect devotees puShTivardhanaH -Grower of nourishment prabhuH -the Lord puraripuH -the Enemy of city(daemon) pinAki -(Holding the) pinAka (bow) parashupAni -One holding the axe pashupati paNYchakRitya pArvatIvallabh parApara paramAnand pataNYchaliish pashupati nAth purANesh pa~nchavarNeshvar pashupatinaath pArvatiish pata~nchalimanohar palAshavanesh pAtALanAth R rudraH -the remover of suffering, formidable rohitaH -the Red one RiShabhadvaja -With the flag of bull (justice) rAmalingaM rAmeshvar ravinayana ratnagiriishvar rAmanAth ratnagiriishvar rAmeshvar rajatasabhApati ratnasabhApati S shiva -the Auspicious, the Perfect sharvaH -the Remover of sins shaMbhu -the source of auspiciousnous shashishekhara -Adorned with Moon shankara -the Doer of good shuulapaaNi -the One with trident shipivishhTa -the One encircled in luminance shriikaNTha -the Splendid throated shitikaNTha -the White throated shivaapriya -the Lover of shivai (shakti) saamapriya -Pleased with saama (veda) svaramaya -Musicful (Full of sound) sarvaGYa -Omniscient somasuuryaagnilocha na -moon, sun and fire eyed soma -the One with uma (Also refers to moon) sadaashiva -the Eternal Shiva (auspicious) suuxmatanu -the Cryptic formed sthaaNu -the Stable, Firm saatvika -the Virtuous shuddavigraha -the Pure Formed, the Clear appearing shaashvata -the Permanent sahasraaksha -the Thousands of eyed sahasrapade -the Thousands worded (named)/staged/ footed sahasrAxaH -thousands of eyed shateShudhaH -With hundreds of quiver sarveshvara -Lord of everything sadAshiva -Always perfect/auspicious saspi~njaraH -Wheatish like a tender straw sthapati -Staying well (in all things) and protecting stenAnAmpati -the Chief of thieves sabhApati -the Chief of the court sharva -the Destoryer (of sin) shitikaNTha -the White throated shipiviShTa -the Radiant soma -Accompanied by uma sha~NgaH -Activator of goodness shambhavaH -the Source of goodness shivaH -the Auspicious, the Perfect shivatara -Transforms (people/things) to Perfection/Auspicio usness sRikAvantaH -With sharp weapons sugandhin -Nice odoured stiraH -the Stable shivatama -One in Auspicious/perfect form smarAri -the Enemy of cupid(lust) shreShTa -the Good/Ideal smarAntakaH -the Terminator of cupid(lust) sarvabhUtadamana -Pervading all matter somanAth -the Lord of moon sabhApati -the Chief of the learnt (Name of Lord at chidambam) shivayoga tyAgesh sundaresh svetAraNyesh sadyojAta somanayana swarNapuriish swayambhunAth saptagiriish sAkshinAth shabdapuriish shivaloka nAth satya vAkiishvar saundaesh someshwar shanpakAraNyesh sakalabhuvaneshvar shivAnand siddanAth satguNanAth saundaranAth sAkshinAth sarpapuriish sundareshvar somasundram sangameshwar shiShTagurunAth T tAra -In the form of praNavam tavas -Austerous taaraka -the Protector tripurAri -the Enemy of tripurAsuras( three city daemons) tripuraharaH -the Remover of three cities(daemons) tyAgarAja -the King of sacrifices tyAgesh -the Lord of sacrifices trinetra -Three eyed tIrtha -In holy waters tryambaka -the Three eyed tripurAntaka -the Terminator of three cities trikAgnikAla -the Time (destiny) for three fires tAmramUrti -the One in copperlike form taskarANAmpati -Chief of robbers tviShImAn -Shining trayiimuurti -the Trinity trilokesha -the God of three worlds tAmrasabhApati trinayana U umAmaheshvaraH -the Great God with umA ugraH -the Fierce ugra -Fierce upaviitin -the Thread wearing uttaraNaH -the Rescuer upahatnumugraH -Fierce in destruction umAmahesh umApati Urdva tANDava uttaravediishvar umAvallabh V vaamadeva -the Charming Divine viruupaaksha -the Strange formed and eyed vishvAAviveshaH -Penetrated in the universe vishvabheShajaH -the Medicine for the universe / all sufferings viShNu -Omnipresent vRishadvaja -With the flag of bull (justice) vRiShArUDha -Riding the bull virUpa -In strange (special/unique) form vikirida -Showerer of wealth, Strange deedful vishvanathaH -the Lord of the world vixINakaH -Indiminishing vichinvatkaH -Bestower of wanted boons vArivaskRitaH -the Grace showering vishveshvara -Lord of the universe vilohitaH -the Admirable (Strange) red in color vishveshvara -the God of the world viirabhadra -Rich in valour vyomakesha -the Widespread (in space) haired vishhNuvallabha -Beloved by viShNu vR^ishhaa.nkaa -the One on the bull vR^ishhabhaaruuDha -the Bull mounting varavRidda vaTamUlaka vanmIkanAth vardhamAneshvar vedAraNyesh vedagiriish vedanAyak vENuvananAth vikirteshvar vedapuriish vaidyanAth vijayanAth vyAghrapuriish vajrasthambesh vedagIta visheshvar vibhuH X xayadvIraH -Victorious over enemies xetrapati -Lord of the body Y yaGYamaya -Complete in spiritual rites yuvAnaH -Youthful yaGYAri yogAnanda Om Sai Ram
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Reference and citation.