I have written a couple of articles on Eclipses(Grahana),Solar and Lunar ,detailing about Grahana and thecway to observe them with Mantras.
I am providing some more Mantras,procedures,Grahana Pariharas(the rituals to be observed by those whose stars fall under the influence of Grahana and Grahana Shanthi.
Grahana Shanthi is to be performed for when Grahana occurs directly over the Nakshatra,Star of the individual.
Parihara,A ceremony to nullify the effect of Grahana is to be done by those for whose Stars the Grahana influences indirectly.
Three to Five Stars are affected in a Grahana,generally.
One to two/three stars may be affected directly and three to five indirectly.
This varies for each Grahana,depending on the movement of Stars and Moon.
One has to perform Homa during Grahana if their Star is directly affected.
Sastris,Purohits may be asked to perform this.
If one knows the mantras,they can perform by themselves.
Pariharas for Nakshatras which are influnced indirectly during Grahana.
The following Mantra is to chanted during Grahana,after bath,with dry clothes.
This mantra may be written on Palmleaf,Paper with Palmleaf Nail,Pen or Kumkum on a piece of new cloth.
The cloth should be worn around the waist.
As soon as Grahana ends,the same procedure is to be followed and the following mantra is to be recited.
மமஜன்மர்க்ஷே ஸூர்யோபராக3 ப்ரயுக்த தோ3ஷ பரிஹாரார்த்த2ம் இத3ம்ஹிரண்யம் தா4ன்யம்சஸம்ப்ரத3தே3.
Mamajanmarsesha Suryoparaha prayuktha Doshaparihaaraatham itham hiranyam
This mantra for Solar Eclipse
For Lunar eclipse recite ‘Chandrapahara’ instead of ‘Suryoparaha’
After chanting the mantra,donate the new cloth worn by you along with Coconut with husk,Gold,Silver,Wheat grain and Oats,Kollu.
Items,quantity depends on your budget.
You may offer cash instead of Gold.
For children below 16 years,for whom Upanayana has not been performed,parents may perform the Pariharas.
Some general rules for Grahana.
Take bath thrice,one each at the biginning,middle and end.
Avoid food three hours before Grahana.
During Surya Grahana,do not look at the Sun with naked eye.
During Surya Grahana ,drop Darpa in drinking water and cooked food.
Do not eat during Grahana period.
Mantras,slokas chanted during Grahana period shall produce thousand fold effects.
Any mantra ,sloka can be chanted or Gayantri,Purusha Suktha,Sri Rudram…
Perform Tharpana during Gruhana sometime near the middle of Grahana.
If Sraddha is due on the Grahana day ,perform Sraddha after Granhana ends.