The spread of Santana Dharma, Hinduism is mind boggling.
From Australia to The Arctic it covered the whole world.
I have written extensively about the presence of Sanatana Dharma in,
Central America and
Not to forget Russia.
Please Google the country name + Hinduism+ramanan50 or Santna Dharma + country name+ramanan50 to read the relevant articles.
Russia has been the fountainhead of Sanatana Dharma.
It was called Stree Varsha, women’s Kingdom.
Lake Baikal is the Vaikanasa Theertha.
Indars’a Amaravathi was in Russia.
Yajnyavalkya stayed there.
Caspian sea was called Kshyap Sagar.
Krishna’s son Pradhyumna built a city at Port Baijn.
Arkaim in Russia was built as per Rig Vedic Mandala design.
The Rig Veda was composed in the Arctic.
Siberians worship Ayur Devatas as Family Deity even today.
It was, therefore, natural for me to look into the history of Mongolian Sanatana Dharma connection.
1. Kazakhstan which borders Mongolia is referred to in Indian Texts.
The Kambojas were famous in ancient times for their excellent breed of horses and as remarkable horsemen located in the Uttarapatha or north-west.They were constituted into military sanghas and corporations to manage their political and military affairs. The Kamboja cavalry offered their military services to other nations as well. There are numerous references to Kamboja having been requisitioned as cavalry troopers in ancient wars by outside nations.
It was on account of their supreme position in horse (Ashva) culture that the ancient Kambojas were also popularly known as Ashvakas, i.e. horsemen. Their clans in the Kunarand Swat valleys have been referred to as Assakenoi and Aspasioi in classical writings, and Ashvakayanas and Ashvayanas in Pāṇini’s Ashtadhyayi.
2.Mongolia’s early History states that they were followers of Shamanism and later Buddhism.
‘Mongolian shamanism has been widely practised throughout the history of what is now Mongolia, with similar beliefs being common among the nomads of central Asia. They gradually gave way to Tibetan Buddhism, but shamanism has left a mark on Mongolian religious culture, and it continues to be practiced. The Kazakhs residing in western Mongolia, some Mongols and other Turkic peoples in the country traditionally adhere to Islam.,
Now Hinduism preceded Buddhism and many practices of Hinduism is found in Buddhism.
The jump from Shamanism to Buddhism with out Hinduism is hard to imagine for the Buddha refers to Hindu thoughts and processes.
3.India Central Asia Connection
There are extensive references to people of Central Asia in Indian literature like Atharvaveda, Vamsa Brahmana of Samveda, Aitareya Brahmana, Satapatha Brahmana, Puranas, Manusmiriti, Ramayana, Mahabharata, Raghuvamsa, Brihat-Katha -Manjari, Katha-Saritsagara, Rajaratrangini, Mudra-rakshasa, Kavymimansa and host of other old Sanskrit literature. A brief outline is given below:
Atharvaveda refers to Gandhari, Mujavat and Bahlika from the north-west (Central Asia). Gandharis are Gandharas, the Bahlikas are Bactrians, Mujavat (land of Soma) refer to Hindukush–Pamirs (the Kamboja region).
The post-Vedic Atharvaveda-Parisista (Ed Bolling & Negelein) makes first direct reference to the Kambojas (verse 57.2.5). It also juxtaposes the Kambojas, Bahlikas and Gandharas.
The Vamsa Brahmana of the Sama Veda refers to Madrakara Shaungayani as the teacher of Aupamanyava Kamboja. Sage Shangayani Madrakara, as his name itself shows, and as the scholars have rightly pointed out, belonged to the Madra people.
Prof Jean Przylusky has shown that Bahlika (Balkh) was an Iranian settlement of the Madras who were known as Bahlika-Uttaramadras i.e. the northern Madras, living in Bahlika or Bactria country. These Bahlika Uttara Madras are the Uttara Madras of the Aitareya Brahamana.
This connection between the Uttara Madras and the Kambojas is said to be natural because they were close neighbours in the north-west.
Manusmriti asserts that the Kambojas, Sakas, Yavanas, Paradas, Pahlavas, etc., had been Kshatriyas of good birth but were gradually degraded to the barbaric status due to their not following the Brahmanas and the Brahmanical code of conduct.[original research?]
This statement of Manu is designed to accommodate these foreign hordes into the social set-up of the Hindus. The foreigners were expected to practice same normal pieties as the Hindus and the later, in return, regarded them henceforth as belonging to their own social organisation.
The Haihaya Yadavas are the first known invaders in the recorded history of the sub-continent. Described in the Puranas as allying with four other groups, the invaders were eventually assimilated into the local community as Kshatriyas. Alberuni refers to this description, saying that the “five hordes” belonged to his own people, i.e. Central Asia.
The Puranic Bhuvanakosha attests that Bahlika or Bactria was the northern-most Puranic Janapada of ancient India and was located in Udichya or Uttarapatha division of Indian sub-continent. The Uttarapatha or northern division of Jambudvipa comprised an area of Central Asia from the Urals and the Caspian Sea to the Yenisei and from Turkistanand Tien Shan ranges to the Arctic (Dr S. M. Ali).
4.’In Dariganga sum, Mongolia, there’s a lake which is called Ganga. Local legend says it was created by a man who sprinkled Ganga Jal there
• A lot of Mongolian folk songs have reference to Ganga. Even in Mongolian books we find ref of Ganga as the sacred river in Himalyas.
• Mongolia was a communist country for a very long time (called the Mongolian People’s Republic). In ’90 with India’s help Buddhism was revived through monk Koshuk Bakula
• Mongolian’s still prefer to have their names in Sanskrit.
Mehar Gul who was he ? Mehar Gul ( in sanskrit -Mihirakula ) was a shiva worshipping Mongolian /Hun king from the lower steppes of Mongolia who invaded the North Indian subcontinent about 5-6 centuries C.E He was a devout shaivite and attempted to cleanse the North Indian subcontinent of pseudo -buddhism .He destroyed many pseudo Buddhist centres and restored vedic and shaiva rule to many places before he was defeated and his name was slandered by Charvakas and ajivikas ( ancient atheists )
• The last name or title “Khan” is not Islamic or Arabic or Persian or Pathan.It is mongolian in origin Khan-comes from Khagan -The mongolian term for “Singh” or “Sardar” ( warrior / chief )
• The persian/ arab/muslim sycophants and converts ( mostly slaves and servants ) who after centuries wanted to cling on to the legacy of the great mongolian conquerors ( like Chengis Khan) chose to tag themselves with the last name just to bring fear and get respect amongst the local populations that they lived amongst and so their “name” stuck on.
Legend also goes that Chengez khan was a shiva devotee ( he practiced a form of Tantric practice) and never attacked India in his various expeditions. The Mughal empire itself is said to have its origins here , they later became Persianised . The term “Mughal” comes from a mispronunciation of the word “Mongol,””
‘Mongolian flag is actually the pictorial depiction of a vedic fire pit–a havan kund with the Yin and Yang symbol ( of shiva and shakti ) at its centre with the Sun (Rudra) and Half moon ( Devi) rising above it.The symbol was the flag of the Bogde Khaganate empire of Mongolia which in turn was inspired by the battle standard of Mehar Gul’
6. Chenghis Khan’s Grandson, Kublai Khan consecrated a Shiva temple , one can find Tamil Inscription there..
Tami is ancient language of India and is spoken by about six crore Indians even today.
Bilingual (Tamil & Chinese) inscription in China dated Saka era 1203 (1281 CE) Mentions the erection of deity Thirukkaniccuramudaiyar by one Sambandapperumal for the well being of Chinese emperor Cekacaikan Parman
This Tamil Language inscription was found in China.
It was found about 500 miles north of Canton, in a place called Chuan Chou. This is a port city. It was an important port city in the ancient times also.
‘Normally, the Tamils used to sail to Ta Kua Pa in the west coast of Thailand.
They would then take an overland journey across the Isthmus of Kra to other ports like Nakon SiTammarat or Songkla. These ports were on the east coast of Thailand. From there they would sail on to one of the ports of present day Vietnam. Then they would sail northwards to Canton.
A straight sail would be a longer distance which would take them across the Bay of Bengal, Straits of Malacca, Gulf of Siam, and South China Sea. They would have to sail around the Malay Peninsula. This would have increased their journey by more than a thousand miles and would have taken up several more months.
Apart from Canton, the Tamils had gone to other places also and
established their own colonies. The merchant guilds like ‘Thisai Aayiraththu AinnuuRRuvar’ was very active around this part of the world.
In Chuan Chou, there was a Sivan Temple. In that temple, an image of Siva was consecrated under the ‘Firman’ – royal orders of ‘Sekasai Khan’.
This was done for the health of ‘Sekasai Khan’.
‘Sekasai Khan’ in this inscription is the name of Kublai Khan himself.
His full name was Kublai Sekcen Khan.
Sekcen Khan became Sekasai Khan in Tamil.
The Sivan Temple was known as ThiruKathaleesvaram and the Lord of the temple was known as ThiruKathaleesvaram udaiya Naayanaar.
The person who executed the order was Thava ChakkaravarththikaL Sampandha PerumaL.
It was done on the Chithra Paurnami day of Saka Era 1203 – 1281 AD.
Reference and citations.