I have written on the fact that,
Thiruvannamalai ,Tamil Nadu being 3.94Billion years old,
Thirupathi, Andhra Pradesh,2100 Million years,
Varanasi (Benares),world’s oldest continuously inhabited city,
Now to the city of Kumbakonam,city of Temples in Tamil Nadu.
The Hindu Puranas mention Kumbakonam as the place,where the top portion of the Pot containing Amrith(Nectar),fell when the Pot was not by an arrow.
The top portion of the Pot fell at an incline (angle)
The name in Tamil means the place where the Pot fell at an angle.
The earliest reference to Kumbakonam in Tamil Literature occurs in the Sangam literature,Puranaanuru, an anthology of four Hundred poems that speaks of the valour of Tamil Kings,among other things.
குண திசை நின்று குடமுதல் செலினும், (20).
குடதிசை நின்று குணமுதல் செலினும்,
வடதிசை நின்று தென்வயின் செலினும்,
தென்திசை நின்று குறுகாது நீடினும்,
யாண்டும் நிற்க வெள்ளி; யாம்
வேண்டியது உணர்ந்தோன் தாள் வாழியவே! (25)
திணை – பாடாண்
துறை – வாழ்த்தியல்
இயற்றியவர் – புலவர் கோவூர் கிழார்
அரசர் – சோழன் குளமுற்றத்துத் துஞ்சிய கிள்ளி வளவன்’
This poem on the Chola king refers to West as Kuda Thisai ,குட திசை.
Tamil Literature calls the area adjoining the Arabian sea as in The West,கு
அரபிக்கடலை எல்லையாகவுடைய தமிழ் நாட்டு நிலப்பரப்பைத் தமிழர் குடக்கு என்றனர். கரை ஓரம் குடம் போல் குழிந்தும் அருகில் தென் வடலாக மேற்கு மலைத் தொடரும் உள்ள நிலப் பரப்பு இது. மேற்கு நோக்கிப் பாயும் சிற்றாறு களும் கிழக்கு நோக்கியும் பாயும் பெரிய ஆறுகளும் தோன்றும் மலை மேற்குத் தொடர்.
Kumbakonam was referred to as Kudavaayil in Silappadikaram,one of the Five epics of Tamil.
So the term Kudavaayil means the a Gateway to the West.
Vaayil means entrance.
Most of the Chola Trade was carried through Poompuhar on the eastern seaboard.
The city was also called Kudavaayil or the Gateway to The East,
But Trade was also carried out through western ports on the Arabian sea.
Chera kings used this route.
But for the Chola’s,whose Ports were in the East,had to reach the western ports .
And they used Kumbakonam as the Entry point to the western Ports.
The early Chola,Karikal Valavan held Court in Kumbakonam.
Anbil Plates also refer Kumbakonam as Kudavaayil.
Silappadikaaram,the Epic in which action takes place refers to Poompuhar and Kumbakonam.
Poompuhar is dated about 11,000 years ago.
The place is called Poompuhar. It lies on southeast India’s Coromandel coast facing the Bay of Bengal between modern Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. Its immediate offshore area has been the subject of marine archaeological investigations by India’s National Institute of Oceanography since the 1980’s — and numerous non-controversial finds of man-made structures dated between the third century AD and the third century BC have been made in the “inter-tidal zone” close to shore at depths down to 6 feet (approximately 2 metres).
These finds of structures in shallow water (some so shallow that they are exposed at low tide) have been quite widely written-up in the archaeological literature. But for some reason other discoveries that the NIO has made in deeper water off Poompuhar have attracted no attention at all. Most notably these other discoveries include a second completely separate group of structures fully three miles from the Poompuhar shore in water that is more than 70 feet (23 metres) deep. The lack of interest is surprising because to anyone with even minimal knowledge of post-glacial sea-level rise their depth of submergence is – or should be – highly anomalous. Indeed according to Glenn Milne’s sea-level data the land on which these structures were built last stood above water at the end of the Ice Age more than 11,000 years ago.
Is it a coincidence that there are ancient Tamil flood myths that speak of a great kingdom that once existed in this area called Kumari Kandam that was swallowed up by the sea? Amazingly the myths put a date of 11,600 years ago on these events — the same timeframe given by Plato for the end of Atlantis in another ocean.
So,Kumbakonam,which has the earliest references to it in Puranaanuru,which is about Five thousand years before Poompuhar reference,must be at least Twenty-five thousand years.
That is 23,000 BC.