What we perceive intially,when we come into contact with objects, is a jumble of various inputs conveyed to us by various organs like Eyes,Ears... This reaches the Mind as unconnected stimulii At this level,Mind just collects information , without collating them,categorising them. The next level of Mind,Buddhi collates the information,categorises them,tags them as correct or incorrect from a factual point of view and also passed value judgements like Good or Bad.
The Ultimate aim of Human Life, according to Hinduism , is Self Realization . To see God in Yourself is Realization. To realize God with Name and Form is Realization. To see God in every living thing is Realization. To see God in everything, animate and Inanimate is Realization. Human Mind, as it is , can realize God with Name and Form easily. It is emotional and it s emotion that drive us all.
What is the Work we are talking about? Going to office, 10-5, working in a software company or running a Business, where we earn? What do we do here? We earn money to satisfy our senses. We remain unsatisfied whatever we earn. We remain loyal , honest to others in the work place so that our jobs, businesses are secure. Where is the question of Altruism? At the end of the day, after we do our life's work, what does remain for us?
I have started writing on Yoga Sutra of Patanjali about 16 days back. Then suddenly I decided to write on Isa Upanishad a couple of Days back. While dealing with the Isavasya(Isa Upanishad) Upanishad, I thought of writing on performing Actions without attachment in detail. Some how it got postponed. Now I find that Isa Upanishad also speaks on the subject in the sloka I have commented upon. Hence I decided not to postpone this subject and this post. (As I was writing on Isa Upanishad, I wanted to write on Nirvana Shadgam of Adi Sankaracarya. I misplaced the Text ; I found it to-day and posts will follow) Action arises out of desires, Desires of Feelings, Feelings of satisfaction of instincts. We can not help acting on our instincts. they are our Swabhava,Nature' impelled by Gunas.(Refer my posts on Yoga sutra nd Gunas) We continue seeking the objects that give us satisfaction and happiness. When we interact with the Object for the first time, we do not have a preconceived notion that it would give us Pleasure. We come to know of it after we experience them. So the feelings of Joy oy pain do not reside in the object but in our perception of OUR enjoyment of them. To remain detached, it is useless to address the issue to these objects, but we need to address the instrument of enjoyment, ourselves. If we can think out our experiences after our experience of the Object, we will be able to outwit our propensity for enjoyment. Mere removal of Objects will not drive way your desires, they will haunt your memory and your mind will seek them. Remaining amidst sense Objects and remain unaffected is true renunciation. There is this story of Rishyasrunga , a Great Seer, in Ramayana. Rishyasrunga was a Celibate, A Naishtika Brahmachari. A Niashtika Brahmachari is one whose semen does not flow downwards, that is, it is not discharged.
Detachment has been explained as an effective tool in controlling the modifications of the Mind in the last sloka (1.15) As I have explained in the post, Performance of Action without attachments is possible.. We do not get attached to the Routine actions we perform. But actions we perform after deliberation? Why and how we deliberate to perform an action and become attached to them. We perceive an object , we get attracted. We want to experiences them because we are curious,others have told us it is pleasurable. We try them out. We find the experiences either pleasurable or painful. Based on this we like or detest them. In the case of the former , we yearn for them, recalling in the Mind the pleasures it had given us, just as vehemently we hate that which gave us pain. This yearning becomes attachment:hate is also an attachment for irrespective of what your feelings are, you are constantly engaged with the object in your mind. If you do not get what you seek, you take action to get it, these create further thought waves in the Mind. So, to control these cravings one must cease attaching himself to objects. But the fact is we can not help being attracted and consequently being attached to the Objects. We might even consciously want to avoid them. Why are we attracted to Objects? It is Our Nature. We have inborn tendencies and qualities that make us attracted to sense objects,