We have been exploring the history of Tamil Kings, Chera, Chola and Pandyas.In the earlier articles, we have traced the dates of Karikal Chozhan, Sarangadwaja Pandya and Perunchotru Udhiyan Neduncheralaathan from the time of Kurukshetra War of Mahabharata.We have based our findings on the confirmed date of Kurukshetra war .That is around 5100 CE.
We can see ,from the references in Tamil literature of Tamil Sangam, Ramayana and Kalidasa’s works that Tamil Kings were present even during the period of Nala, ancestor of Rama.Rama’s ancestor Emperor Sibi built this temple and had a second Capital in what is now Pakistan.We also have Muchukunda who belonged to Ikshvaku Dynasty.
Muchukunda was the son of Mandhata.
- Vivasvan or Surya
- Vaivasvata Manu
So Chola Muchukunda was an ancestor of Rama.We have references to Chera and Pandyas in Ramayana.We shall now attempt to trace the Pandya Kings who were present before Mahabharata , because we have traced Tamil Kings after the Kurukshetra battle of Mahabharata, that is from 5100 CE.
We have references updated till Karikal Chozhan , Perunchotru Udhiyan Neduncheralaathan and Sarangadwaja.Now we shall see first the Pandya Kings who preceded Sarangadwaja.
We have information that there were Forty Kings before Karikal Chozhan in Chola dynasty and Tamil Sangam Classics speak of Kings before Sangam Era. Unfortunately , I have not been able to identify all the forty Tamil Kings.Shall study and update.
I have been able to trace Four Pandyan Kings who ruled before Sarangadwaja Pandya, who is dated around 5100 CE.
References in Ramayana of Tamil Kings.
Tamil Sangam Literature speaks of Tamil kings who ruled before Sangam period.As an aside I may record here that the Archelogical findings at Poompuhar sets the date of Tamil back by about 12,000 years.
Of these kings I have been able to trace about four Pandya Kings.They are
- Vadivalambaninra Pandyan
- Nilantharu Thiruvirpandyan.
- Perumpeyar Vazhuthi.
Hence we may assign these four Pandyas around 5000 CE.
Of these, Vadivalambaninra Pandyan seems to be the earliest among the Pandyas.Tamil Sangam Literature records that he was called Nediyon, meaning Tall, implying that he Ruled for a long time.He was the first King to have taken a special festival for Indira near Poompuhar, which was located ,then,South of Kanyakumari . He also started the festival for Varuna, God of Ocean for the First time.This was celebrated at the mouth of the River Pahruli where it joined the sea.This land is sunk now because of Tsunami.I have written in detail on this. https://ta.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%AE%AA%E0%AF%86%E0%AE%B0%E0%AF%81%E0%AE%AE%E0%AF%8D%E0%AE%AA%E0%AF%86%E0%AE%AF%E0%AE%B0%E0%AF%8D_%E0%AE%B5%E0%AE%B4%E0%AF%81%E0%AE%A4%E0%AE%BF